Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Mixing Grease with Water
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4857-9475
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3157-4632
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Machine Elements.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3995-8331
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this paper is to convey a simple and effective method to mix water with grease and verify the homogeneity of the mixture using Karl-Fischer (KF) titration as the analysis tool. This is required to better develop a future water in grease sensor for on-line condition monitoring. This paper will also attempt to investigate how well KF titration functions as a tool for measuring water content in grease. Additional investigations include how the water content varies with time in grease samples open to atmosphere at different temperature. This research verifies a simple grease mixing method and investigates the water transport in water contaminated grease samples.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
National Category
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Machine Elements
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-31686Local ID: 5f1feead-f874-458f-8eb1-b2172ad2a1d1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-31686DiVA, id: diva2:1004920
Conference
European Conference on Improvement in Bearing Technology : 23/02/2015 - 24/02/2015
Note

Godkänd; 2015; 20160406 (nicdit)

Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-30 Last updated: 2019-09-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Sensors for Water Contamination in Lubricating Grease
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sensors for Water Contamination in Lubricating Grease
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this dissertation is to summarize the research carried out that led to the development of measurement techniques which measure the water content of lubricating grease. Calcium sulphonate complex (CaS-X) grease was used in all experiments for Papers A through E, with some additional greases used in Paper D.

A simple and effective grease mixing method for preparing grease samples was developed and tested for repeatability. The water content of these samples was also tested with time and temperature as added variables to study if and how much water will evaporate from the samples.

Additionally, three measurement principles were investigated: optical attenuation in the visible and near-infrared (NIR) region, a dielectric measurement method, and a galvanic current method.

The optical attenuation investigation found that the attenuation ratio of two wavelengths of light appear to approximate the water content of grease samples with an acceptable coefficient of determination. Additionally, aged and oxidized grease samples were measured in the experiment and were not found to affect the measurement results. The dielectric method uses the temperature dependence on the dielectric properties of water-contaminated grease to approximate the water content of the grease samples. An additional parameter of incomplete fill/coverage of the sensor has been investigated as a prestudy. The dielectric method was further optimized with computer automated measurements where an improved and miniaturized sensor was developed and used. A different method using the galvanic current between two different metals from the galvanic series was used to estimate water content as well. All three methods were found to provide measurements of water content in the prepared grease samples (ranging from 0.22% to 5.5% added water). The dielectric measurement is likely going to be better for applications requiring the possibility of measuring a larger bulk of the grease within the bearing, with the capability of using several different configurations of sensors for different types of bearings and applications. It shows promise for providing an accurate and robust system for monitoring grease condition as well as the amount of grease contained. The optical measurement will likely provide additional information; however, it will only measure small point samples within the bearing instead of the larger bulk. This could be of use though, because the sensors could be small (in the several millimeter scale) and could measure where water damage is determined to be most important to detect at. The galvanic current method was also found to provide a useful correlation to water content but may provide additional information about how corrosive the grease has become, indirectly estimating the water content.

The research contained herein has shown promise for future development for developing new grease condition monitoring tools. The optical, dielectric, and galvanic methods have their own unique challenges and may provide useful information in different applications, or perhaps be used in conjunction with each other to provide a more complete diagnostic tool.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå University of Technology, 2019. p. 200
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Reliability and Maintenance Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)
Research subject
Experimental Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-75998 (URN)978-91-7790-439-7 (ISBN)978-91-7790-440-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-11-04, D770, Luleå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2019-09-16 Created: 2019-09-14 Last updated: 2019-10-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(759 kB)1222 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 759 kBChecksum SHA-512
dd56bcedcdc3de007a2b7db54866390a00f1792d9485bce266db30c670d1687381856b2a02f2b3cbd12d760a1fbea3584ba4ff59d78c52efe78f4f389c938737
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records BETA

Dittes, NicholasMarklund, PärPettersson, Anders

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Dittes, NicholasMarklund, PärPettersson, Anders
By organisation
Machine Elements
Tribology (Interacting Surfaces including Friction, Lubrication and Wear)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1222 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 486 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf