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Heat and mass transfer boundary conditions at the surface of a heated sessile droplet
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8235-9639
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Strömningslära och experimentell mekanik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1033-0244
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Heat and Mass Transfer, ISSN 0947-7411, E-ISSN 1432-1181, Vol. 53, nr 12, s. 3581-3591Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This work numerically investigates how the boundary conditions of a heated sessile water droplet should be defined in order to include effects of both ambient and internal flow. Significance of water vapor, Marangoni convection, separate simulations of the external and internal flow, and influence of contact angle throughout drying is studied. The quasi-steady simulations are carried out with Computational Fluid Dynamics and conduction, natural convection and Marangoni convection are accounted for inside the droplet. For the studied conditions, a noticeable effect of buoyancy due to evaporation is observed. Hence, the inclusion of moisture increases the maximum velocities in the external flow. Marangoni convection will, in its turn, increase the velocity within the droplet with up to three orders of magnitude. Results furthermore show that the internal and ambient flow can be simulated separately for the conditions studied, and the accuracy is improved if the internal temperature gradient is low, e.g. if Marangoni convection is present. Simultaneous simulations of the domains are however preferred at high plate temperatures if both internal and external flows are dominated by buoyancy and natural convection. The importance of a spatially resolved heat and mass transfer boundary condition is, in its turn, increased if the internal velocity is small or if there is a large variation of the transfer coefficients at the surface. Finally, the results indicate that when the internal convective heat transport is small, a rather constant evaporation rate may be obtained throughout the drying at certain conditions.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2017. Vol. 53, nr 12, s. 3581-3591
Nationell ämneskategori
Strömningsmekanik och akustik
Forskningsämne
Strömningslära
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-64815DOI: 10.1007/s00231-017-2087-3ISI: 000415999800015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-64815DiVA, id: diva2:1120552
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Validerad;2017;Nivå 2;2017-11-22 (andbra)

Tillgänglig från: 2017-07-06 Skapad: 2017-07-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-14Bibliografiskt granskad

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Ljung, Anna-LenaLundström, Staffan

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