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A delay‐rational model of electromagnetic interference on multiconductor transmission lines
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione e di Economi, Università degli Studi dell'Aquila.
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale e dell'Informazione e di Economi, Università degli Studi dell'Aquila.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Embedded Internet Systems Lab.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0015-0431
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Embedded Internet Systems Lab.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4160-214X
2018 (English)In: International journal of numerical modelling, ISSN 0894-3370, E-ISSN 1099-1204, Vol. 31, no 4, article id 2342Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Multiconductor transmission lines have found a wide range of applications, as power lines, as high‐speed interconnects, and as on‐chip interconnects. Electromagnetic interference (EMI) can be described in terms of plane waves that couple to these lines, leading to unwanted disturbance. This paper presents a delayed spectral formulation for the analysis of plane‐wave coupling to multiconductor transmission lines in both the frequency and time domains, called the DeRaG‐EMI model (short for “delay‐rational model based on Green's functions for electromagnetic interference”). The model is based on Green's functions and is described in terms of delayed differential equations in the time domain. The model is suitable for studying the EMI on multiconductor transmission lines in the case of incident fields. The coupling of a plane wave to a line is described in terms of equivalent sources that account for both the delay of the line and the delays of the incoming plane wave. The delay is explicitly extracted and incorporated into the model with hyperbolic functions. The DeRaG‐EMI model does not require any segmentation of the line. Numerical results confirm its accuracy and its improved performance compared with the previous spectral model and with the inverse fast Fourier transform technique.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2018. Vol. 31, no 4, article id 2342
National Category
Engineering and Technology Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-67878DOI: 10.1002/jnm.2342ISI: 000435938900007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-67878DiVA, id: diva2:1188508
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-06-25 (svasva)

Available from: 2018-03-07 Created: 2018-03-07 Last updated: 2018-09-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Multiconductor transmission lines wideband modeling: A delay-rational Green’s-function-based method
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Multiconductor transmission lines wideband modeling: A delay-rational Green’s-function-based method
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The performance of variable-frequency drives (VFDs) commonly used in energy production plants can be severely affected by electromagnetic (EM) noise in the form of conducted disturbances.

A VFD is composed of an inverter, a motor, and a connecting power cable. The insulated-gate bipolar transistor (IGBT) technology and the pulse-width modulation (PWM) technique, used in the inverter, amplified the role of the power cable, which experiences the so-called “high-frequency” or “transmission line” effects, such as reflections, crosstalk, and distortion. Therefore, a complete EM assessment of a VFD requires an accurate and computationally efficient mathematical model of the cable, which can be studied as a multiconductor transmission line (MTL). Accordingly, we developed the “delay-rational Green’s-function-based” (DeRaG) model that should overcome the main limitations of the existing methods in the literature. In the DeRaG model, the impedance (or admittance) matrix is the sum of a rational series and a so-called hyperbolic part realized by hyperbolic functions. The rational series consists of poles and residues and can be truncated to a suitable size by a delay extraction technique. The hyperbolic part retains the primary information of the high-frequency behaviors, such as attenuation and propagation delays, of a line; thus, the DeRaG model is a wideband model. The DeRaG model is independent of the terminations and sources of the line and enables a delayed state-space representation; it can also account for EM interference. Nevertheless, an EM assessment of a complex system can be performed only using a calculator and proper software. Most of the advanced models for MTLs have been adapted for SPICE-like transient solvers. However, power electronics applications are commonly simulated by using software packages such as Simulink that are optimized for system-level simulations. We thus proposed the implementation of the DeRaG model both in SPICE and in Simulink to embrace a larger group of users and applications. The Simulink implementation was notably proven to be extremely simple and easy to describe. In addition, we focused on the hyperbolic part to qualitatively assess the behavior of an MTL. Our investigation resulted in an outstanding outcome; namely, we provided the distortionless condition for MTLs, whereas the distortionless condition was previously defined only for single-conductor transmission lines as the well-known Heaviside condition. In conclusion, the DeRaG model is a wideband model for the EM analysis of generic transmission lines that is suitable for system-level simulations required in power electronics applications and offers new insights into the physics of the system.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2018
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Engineering and Technology Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Electronics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-71021 (URN)978-91-7790-214-0 (ISBN)978-91-7790-215-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-11-27, A1547, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-09-28 Created: 2018-09-28 Last updated: 2018-11-21Bibliographically approved

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