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Modeling of Particle-Laden Cold Flow in a Cyclone Gasifier
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7184-839x
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6028-4311
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8360-9051
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6958-5508
2018 (English)In: Journal of Fluids Engineering - Trancactions of The ASME, ISSN 0098-2202, E-ISSN 1528-901X, Vol. 141, no 2, article id 021302Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Isothermal transient Eulerian–Lagrangian simulation of the turbulent gas–solid flow in a cyclone gasifier with two inlet tubes at 890 °C has been performed. The single-phase gas flow is modeled using SSG Reynolds stress turbulence model. Ten thousand representative solid particles of different sizes are injected from each inlet continuously at every second of simulation time. Particles are finally stopped as soon as they arrive at the outlet or reach the bottom plate of the gasifier. The effect of particle-to-gas coupling on the pressure and velocity of the flow and particles motion inside the gasifier is studied. The numerical approach can reasonably predict the impact of particle load on the gas flow as presented in the experimental results. Single particles are traveled throughout the transient gas flow field by using Lagrangian approach. High temperature of the gas flow inside the gasifier has significant effects on the swirl intensity reduction, damping the turbulence in the core region, pressure, and particle behaviors. However, the presence of solid particles does not have a notable influence on the swirl intensity and turbulence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) , 2018. Vol. 141, no 2, article id 021302
National Category
Engineering and Technology Energy Engineering Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Energy Engineering; Fluid Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70480DOI: 10.1115/1.4040929ISI: 000452773200012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052003087OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-70480DiVA, id: diva2:1239841
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-08-31 (svasva)

Available from: 2018-08-17 Created: 2018-08-17 Last updated: 2019-01-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Numerical Modeling of Cyclone Gasification
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Numerical Modeling of Cyclone Gasification
2018 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The current work aims to make a numerical model for an engineering design of anindustrial cyclone gasifier called as the Hortlax plant with capacity of providing 2.4 (MWth)of district heating as well as 1.3 (MW) of electricity. The model is needed to be able not onlyto predict the gasifier flow field with a suitable accuracy but also to investigate a largenumber of design alternatives with limited computer resources.The time-dependent single-phase flow field in a cyclone at first was simulated by usingseveral popular turbulence models including standard k-epsilon and SST models withcurvature correction, SSG-RSM and LES Smagorinsky models. The goal was to find the mostappropriate turbulence modeling as a foundation for the further works. Averaged andfluctuating parts of the simulated velocity component profiles from different turbulencemodels were compared with each other and the LDA measurements from literature.Comparison showed that the SSG-RSM can be the best alternative for the future simulations.An isothermal time-dependent Eulerian-Lagrangian particle modeling was implemented asthe second step for simulating particle-laden cold flow in the Hortlax gasifier. The impacts ofparticle-to-gas coupling on the pressure and velocity of the flow and particles motion insidethe gasifier were studied. The model could reasonably predict the particle tracking aspresented in the experimental results from the literature. High temperature of the gas flowinside the gasifier had quite important effects on the reduction of swirl and turbulenceintensity especially in the core region, pressure and particle behaviors. However, the presenceof solid particles did not influence the swirl intensity and turbulence significantly.The Hortlax gasifier was moreover experimentally studied in order to optimize thegasification plant efficiency, and understand the effect of operating. The air stoichiometricratio was varied to find the optimal condition for the plant. Moreover, the gasification processwas modeled using adiabatic thermodynamic equilibrium to see how far the process is fromequilibrium condition. Five different commercially available fuels were also studied usingequilibrium calculations. It was found that the gasifier is needed to work under the processtemperature of 1000 °C and stoichiometric ratio of 0.3, since at higher temperature the ash ismelted that is seriously avoided in the cyclone gasifier. Accordingly, the amount of undesiredmethane in the produced gas is quite high and the gasification efficiency is relatively lowaround 56%. Although the process does not reach equilibrium, it was seen thatthermodynamic equilibrium could compare the fuels performance almost close to theexperiments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2018. p. 30
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70753 (URN)978-91-7790-193-8 (ISBN)978-91-7790-194-5 (ISBN)
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-09-05 Created: 2018-09-04 Last updated: 2018-11-07Bibliographically approved

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Pantea, Hadi JafariMisiulia, DzmitryHellström, J. Gunnar I.Gebart, Rikard

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