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Updating winter: the importance of climate-sensitive urban design for winter settlements
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6957-0568
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8870-2626
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6831-8857
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3619-2297
2018 (engelsk)Inngår i: Arctic Yearbook, ISSN 2298–2418Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores winter settlement urban design principles to begin to identify climate related conditions that are affecting soft mobility (walking and cycling) in these communities.

Winter communities have evolved lifestyles and means that fit with working and living with local conditions and seasonal variations. With climate change, however, comes evolving weather’s that these communities need to adapt too. These changes may present new risks and unexpected challenges to outdoor soft mobility in the community.

Public policy highlights physical inactivity as a major health concern. For these communities, winter has always limited outdoor soft-mobility. Here, we understand that in winter outdoor activity can be reduced by weather and fear of accidents.

People’s understanding of the barriers and enablers to soft mobility are also often based on experience and ability to detect environmental clues. To help winter communities maximise the opportunities for outdoor soft mobility and the wellbeing benefits this can bring, built environments need to be designed with an understanding of climate change. 

This study explores barriers and enablers to soft mobility in winter and discusses them in light of climate change and human wellbeing. It is argued that established principles of urban design may require re-evaluation if we want to increase outdoor soft mobility in winter. Increases in physical activity could help reduce costs and pressures on health services by creating safer and more walkable communities. The paper concludes by suggesting that communities should focus on more context based winter urban design principles that account for ongoing climate change.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Northern Research Forum ; University of the Arctic Thematic Network (TN) on Geopolitics and Security , 2018.
Emneord [en]
Winter cities, winter settlements, urban form, soft mobility, wellbeing, climate change
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Arkitektur; Fysioterapi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70505OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-70505DiVA, id: diva2:1240242
Merknad

Validerad;2018;Nivå 1;2018-11-08 (svasva)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-08-20 Laget: 2018-08-20 Sist oppdatert: 2019-05-21bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Urban design of winter cities: Winter season connectivity for soft mobility
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Urban design of winter cities: Winter season connectivity for soft mobility
2018 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

All across the world the form of the built environment is playing a crucial role as enabler or inhibitor for urban outdoor activity such as soft mobility. Urban form can make it more attractive for people to be mobile outdoors and playing a role in the public life, or it can put people off venturing outside. For winter cities, a question for urban design is how we can design environments that are attractive for outdoor activity in the winter season as well as summer and additionally how will climate change influence these aspects.

The reason for studying this is the importance of understanding how, in relation to urban form, weather, seasonal variations, and climate change influences human outdoor activity. In this study the focus on outdoor activity is problematised around the concern that people spend a low percentage of their time outdoors in winter conditions. For society, the problem is that this trend and the related low levels of physical activity are associated with a range of health issues.

To study this the main question for this research is what attracts and hinders soft mobility during the winter season and how can this knowledge underpin new considerations about urban design for connectivity in winter cities? To address this, the research methods focused on document studies, surveys, mental mapping, photo elicitation and semi-structured discussions.

The study works at three scientific levels. Firstly, it seeks to understand the interrelationship between the built environment and people’s outdoor activity in winter. Secondly, it attempts to understand how connectivity for soft mobility in winter is being affected by weather and climate change. Thirdly, it seeks new ways of thinking about how the urban form can be designed to increase outdoor soft mobility in winter.

The discussion and conclusions focused on the argument that in winter settlements, the winter season can alter spatial patterns and settlement organisation. Here it was argued that in these settlements the winter season can be an aspect of urban morphology and can be part of the process of shaping the public realm and its connectivity for soft mobility in winter.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2018
Serie
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Emneord
Urban form, urban design, seasonal climate variation, winter cities, climate change
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Arkitektur
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70507 (URN)978-91-7790-189-1 (ISBN)978-91-7790-190-7 (ISBN)
Disputas
2018-10-12, C305, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, 09:30 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2018-08-21 Laget: 2018-08-20 Sist oppdatert: 2018-09-20bibliografisk kontrollert

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