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Winter City Urbanism: Enabling All Year Connectivity for Soft Mobility
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6957-0568
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8870-2626
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Arkitektur och vatten.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6831-8857
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Hälsa och rehabilitering.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3619-2297
2019 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, nr 10, artikel-id 1820Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores connectivity for soft mobility in the winter season. Working with residents from the sub-arctic city of Luleå, Sweden, the research examines how the interaction between the built environment and winter season affects people’s use of the outdoor environment. The research questions for this study are, 1) how do residents perceive the effects of winter on an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways? and 2) what enablers and barriers impact resident soft mobility choices and use of the public realm in winter? Methods used were mental mapping and photo elicitation exercises. These were used to gain a better understanding of people’s perception of soft mobility in winter. The results were analysed to identify how soft mobility is influenced by the winter season. The discussion highlights that at the neighbourhood scale, residents perceive that the winter alters an areas spatial structure and pattern of streets and pathways. It was also seen to reduce ease of understanding of the public realm and townscape. In conclusion, it is argued that new and re-tooled town planning strategies, such as extending blue/ green infrastructure planning to include white space could help better enable all year outdoor activity in winter cities.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 16, nr 10, artikel-id 1820
Nyckelord [en]
urban design, soft mobility, walkable environment, physical activity, health outcomes, active living
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkitekturteknik Sjukgymnastik
Forskningsämne
Arkitektur; Fysioterapi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70506DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16101820ISI: 000470967500154PubMedID: 31121986Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85066831352OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-70506DiVA, id: diva2:1240246
Anmärkning

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-06-27 (johcin);

Artikeln har tidigare förekommit som manuskript i avhandling.

Tillgänglig från: 2018-08-20 Skapad: 2018-08-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-06-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Urban design of winter cities: Winter season connectivity for soft mobility
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Urban design of winter cities: Winter season connectivity for soft mobility
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

All across the world the form of the built environment is playing a crucial role as enabler or inhibitor for urban outdoor activity such as soft mobility. Urban form can make it more attractive for people to be mobile outdoors and playing a role in the public life, or it can put people off venturing outside. For winter cities, a question for urban design is how we can design environments that are attractive for outdoor activity in the winter season as well as summer and additionally how will climate change influence these aspects.

The reason for studying this is the importance of understanding how, in relation to urban form, weather, seasonal variations, and climate change influences human outdoor activity. In this study the focus on outdoor activity is problematised around the concern that people spend a low percentage of their time outdoors in winter conditions. For society, the problem is that this trend and the related low levels of physical activity are associated with a range of health issues.

To study this the main question for this research is what attracts and hinders soft mobility during the winter season and how can this knowledge underpin new considerations about urban design for connectivity in winter cities? To address this, the research methods focused on document studies, surveys, mental mapping, photo elicitation and semi-structured discussions.

The study works at three scientific levels. Firstly, it seeks to understand the interrelationship between the built environment and people’s outdoor activity in winter. Secondly, it attempts to understand how connectivity for soft mobility in winter is being affected by weather and climate change. Thirdly, it seeks new ways of thinking about how the urban form can be designed to increase outdoor soft mobility in winter.

The discussion and conclusions focused on the argument that in winter settlements, the winter season can alter spatial patterns and settlement organisation. Here it was argued that in these settlements the winter season can be an aspect of urban morphology and can be part of the process of shaping the public realm and its connectivity for soft mobility in winter.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Luleå: Luleå tekniska universitet, 2018
Serie
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
Nyckelord
Urban form, urban design, seasonal climate variation, winter cities, climate change
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier Arkitekturteknik
Forskningsämne
Arkitektur
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70507 (URN)978-91-7790-189-1 (ISBN)978-91-7790-190-7 (ISBN)
Disputation
2018-10-12, C305, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, 09:30 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2018-08-21 Skapad: 2018-08-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-09-20Bibliografiskt granskad

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Chapman, DavidNilsson, Kristina L.Rizzo, AgatinoLarsson, Agneta

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