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Morphology, internal structure and formation of ice ridges in the sea around Svalbard
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Construction Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3262-7559
Northern Research Institute Narvik.
Northern Research Institute Narvik.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.
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2018 (English)In: Cold Regions Science and Technology, ISSN 0165-232X, E-ISSN 1872-7441, Vol. 155, p. 263-279Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The results from 3 years of comprehensive field investigations on first-year ice ridges in the Arctic are presented in this paper. The scopes of these investigations were to fill existing knowledge gaps on ice ridges, gain understanding on ridge characteristics and study internal properties of ice. The ability of developing reliable simulations and load predictions for ridge-structure interactions is the final principal purpose, but beyond the scope of this paper. The presented data comprise ridge geometry, ice block dimensions from ridge sails, ice structure in the ridge and values on the ridge porosity and the degree of consolidation. The total ridge thickness conformed to other ridges studied in the same regions. The consolidated layer thickness was on average 2–3 times the level ice thickness. Minimum 33% and in average 90% of the ridge keel area was consolidated. The distribution of ice block sizes and block shapes within a ridge appears to be predictable. A new approach for deriving a possible ridging scenario and ridge age is presented. Different steps of the ridge building process were identified, which are in good agreement with earlier simulated ridging events. After formation of very thin lead ice between two floes deformation occurs through rafting and ridging until closure of the lead. Subsequently the adjacent level ice floe fractures proceeding ridge formation until ridging forces exceed driving forces. A time span of 10 days could be assessed for a possible ridge formation date, estimating the ridge age of the studied ridge located east of Edgeøya at 78° N to be 7 to 8 weeks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 155, p. 263-279
National Category
Infrastructure Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70645DOI: 10.1016/j.coldregions.2018.08.011ISI: 000444514700024Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052209862OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-70645DiVA, id: diva2:1242878
Note

Validerad;2018;Nivå 2;2018-08-29 (andbra)

Available from: 2018-08-29 Created: 2018-08-29 Last updated: 2018-10-10Bibliographically approved

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Bonath, VictoriaFransson, LennartCwirzen, Andrzej

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