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Effect of short-term thermomechanical densification of wood veneers on the properties of birch plywood
Ukranian National Forestry University.
Technical University in Zvolen.
DJ Timber Consultancy Ltd.
2018 (English)In: European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, ISSN 0018-3768, E-ISSN 1436-736X, Vol. 76, no 2, p. 549-562Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, the physical and mechanical properties of plywood panels made from pre-compressed birch (Betula verrucosa Ehrh.) veneer were evaluated. Veneer sheets underwent short-term thermo-mechanical (STTM) compression at temperatures of 150 or 180 ⁰C and at pressures of 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 or 3.5 MPa for a period of 1 minute before being adhesive applied and pressed into panels using phenol formaldehyde adhesive at 100 g/m2 spread rate; this was one third less than the adhesive spread used for the control panels (150 g/m2). The pressing pressure was 1.0 MPa that was almost half of the pressure used for the control panels (1.8 MPa); and pressing time was 3 min, also half of the pressing time used for the control panels (6 min). The results showed that surface roughness of compressed veneer, water absorption and thickness swelling of plywood panels made from compressed veneer were significantly improved. The shear strength values of plywood panels made from compressed birch veneer even with reduced adhesive spread were higher than those of plywood panels made from un-compressed veneer. The findings in this study indicated that compression of birch veneer would be considered as an alternative to produce more eco-friendly (owing to smaller adhesive spread) value-added material with enhanced properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 76, no 2, p. 549-562
National Category
Wood Science Other Mechanical Engineering
Research subject
Wood Science and Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70691DOI: 10.1007/s00107-017-1233-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-70691DiVA, id: diva2:1243424
Available from: 2018-08-31 Created: 2018-08-31 Last updated: 2018-11-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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