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Velocity Amplification of Seismic Waves Through Parallel Fractures Near a Free Surface in Fractured Rock: A Theoretical Study
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9766-0106
Rock Mechanics and Mine Design, Sudbury, Canada.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5872-5173
2019 (English)In: Rock Mechanics and Rock Engineering, ISSN 0723-2632, E-ISSN 1434-453X, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 199-213Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To determine the dynamic demand for support design under rockburst conditions, one of the most important issues is the prediction of ground motion parameters at the site of interest. Field monitoring has shown that the peak ground motion at the surface of an excavation in fractured rock is preferentially amplified compared to the motion in solid rock at a similar distance from the source. However, the traditional scaling laws used in rock support design do not account for the effect of free surface (excavation) and fracturing of rock. Recent studies have shown that high ground motion might be generated when a seismic wave crosses through fractures near a free surface in fractured rocks which is very complex and is not well understood. In this paper, particle velocity amplification was theoretically studied by investigating the dynamic interaction between seismic wave and multiple fractures near a free surface using the method of characteristics and the displacement discontinuity model. A harmonic load was applied on a model with a fractured zone near a free surface to investigate this phenomenon. After the harmonic wave propagated normally through multiple parallel fractures, the velocity amplification factor (VAF) was calculated as a function of the ratio of the magnitude of the peak particle velocity at the free surface of the model to the peak input velocity. The VAF can be as high as 3.77 and varies depending on the state of the fractured rock and the characteristics of the seismic wave. Parameter studies were conducted to investigate the effects of seismic load and multiple fractures on wave propagation, especially in terms of the wave frequency, the fracture spacing, the number of fractures and the stiffness of fractures. The results have proved that the interaction of the seismic wave and multiple fractures near the free surface strongly influences the ground motion. Quantitative relationships between the various influential factors and the corresponding VAF were developed. It is anticipated that such relationships can provide criteria to improve the current design procedures and help mining engineers to improve their rock support practice for rockburst-prone areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Vienna: Springer, 2019. Vol. 52, no 1, p. 199-213
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Mining and Rock Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-70965DOI: 10.1007/s00603-018-1589-8ISI: 000456673000013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053438929OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-70965DiVA, id: diva2:1250777
Note

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-02-25 (inah)

Available from: 2018-09-25 Created: 2018-09-25 Last updated: 2019-04-24Bibliographically approved

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Zhang, PingNordlund, ErlingYi, Changping

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