CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Non-linear Model Predictive Control for space debris removal missions
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Space Technology.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The rapidly increasing amounts of space debris orbiting Earth is threatening to reach a critical level, where the near-Earth environment becomes so overfilled with junk that many missions simply become unfeasible. Long-term active debris removal operations appear to be a necessity, but due to the scale of the problem this will likely be an expensive affair spanning decades or even centuries.

Many of the mission-related costs can be significantly reduced by making use of a smaller spacecraft, such as the rapidly developing CubeSat standard. An issue with this approach is the limited actuation capabilities, as that makes it very difficult to perform orbital maneuvers in a fuel-efficient manner. Rather than making a few high-impulse thrusts over the course of the mission, the thrust must be applied continuously for several hundred hours.

This thesis attempts to solve the problem by using a non-linear Model Predictive Control strategy to implement an Orbital and Attitude Control system for a small satellite. This was done in MATLAB, using the fast-NMPC package MATMPC recently developed by Yutao Chen at Padova University. The controller was tested in a realistic model of the near-Earth environment, where disturbances such as drag and gravitational perturbations are simulated.

It was shown through simulations that this method can successfully be used to perform a fuel-efficient rendezvous maneuver with an uncontrollable object, a critical step in any Active Debris Removal operation. Using a 4 kg CubeSat with a 30 µN thruster mounted on each of its six surfaces, the total mass consumption for a phasing maneuver of 10 degrees at 300 km altitude was less than 0.1% of the spacecraft mass. This assumes an Isp of 1,150 s, which is the specific impulse of the S-iEPS Electrostatic thruster flown on the Aero-Cube-8 IMPACT mission.

This is made possible through prediction horizons spanning several days, which in turn forces the controller to operate at sampling rates as low as 1/100 Hz due to the computational load. Fully realizing the potential of this technique would likely require the inclusion of a low-level controller that uses the generated trajectories as input values, as this would negate many of the issues associated with a heavy computational load. The urgency of the space debris problem, and the endless list of other CubeSat applications that would benefit from a flexible and fuel-efficient AOCS, makes this an interesting to topic to consider for further research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 175
National Category
Control Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-72049OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-72049DiVA, id: diva2:1271051
External cooperation
Università Degli Studi Di Padvoa
Subject / course
Student thesis, at least 30 credits
Educational program
Space Engineering, master's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-15 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(17000 kB)19 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 17000 kBChecksum SHA-512
311a93b8330eed725cdec0fd71c91ec1cef53f4a6358061709ce316a936065a3facce0210f780b2c0b71ab187a58c411b521cc2e2cf38dc907c97c682eb0b30a
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Korsfeldt Larsén, Alexander
By organisation
Space Technology
Control Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 19 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 13 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf