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Piezoresistive Load Sensing and Percolation Phenomena in Portland Cement Composite Modified with In-Situ Synthesized Carbon Nanofibers
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0459-7433
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7279-6528
Silesian University of Technology, The Institute of Engineering Materials and Biomaterials, Poland.
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Byggkonstruktion och brand.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6287-2240
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Nanomaterials, ISSN 2079-4991, Vol. 9, nr 4, artikkel-id 594Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) were directly synthesized on Portland cement particles by chemical vapor deposition. The so-produced cements contained between 2.51–2.71 wt% of CNFs; depending on the production batch. Several mortar mixes containing between 0 and 10 wt% of the modified cement were produced and the electrical properties at various ages and the load sensing capabilities determined. The percolation threshold related to the electrical conductivity was detected and corresponded to the amount of the present CNFs, 0.271, 0.189, 0.135 and 0.108 wt%. The observed threshold depended on the degree of hydration of the Portland cement. The studied mortars showed a strong piezoresistive response to the applied compressive load reaching a 17% change of the electrical resistivity at an applied load of 3.5 MPa and 90% at 26 MPa. This initial study showed that the studied material is potentially suitable for future development of novel fully integrated monitoring systems for concrete structures.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
MDPI, 2019. Vol. 9, nr 4, artikkel-id 594
Emneord [en]
Carbon nanofibers, CVD, percolation, piezoresistive response, compressive load
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Byggmaterial
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-73574DOI: 10.3390/nano9040594ISI: 000467768800110PubMedID: 30974888Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85065309577OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-73574DiVA, id: diva2:1303907
Forskningsfinansiär
Vinnova, 2016-03285Swedish Transport Administration, TRV2017/57560
Merknad

Validerad;2019;Nivå 2;2019-04-15 (oliekm)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-04-11 Laget: 2019-04-11 Sist oppdatert: 2019-08-23bibliografisk kontrollert

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Buasiri, ThanyaratHabermehl-Cwirzen, KarinCwirzen, Andrzej

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