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Arkitektonisk flexibilitet i det industriella byggandet
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Under 1900-talet har byggbranschen utvecklats till en ekonomiskt driven marknadmed politiska styrmedel. För att hantera marknadens olika krav på funktioner och ekonomi, tillämpas fördelaktigt en industriell byggprocess. Den industriella processens utveckling baseras på standardisering och repetition, vilket är begränsande fören flexibel arkitektur. Motsättningen mellan den industriella byggprocessen och gestaltningensbehov av flexibilitet kan hanteras med olika typlösningar av byggnadsdelar, som tillsammans bildar en enhetlig byggnadsvolym.Projektet behandlar takfotens utformning för Lindbäcks industriella byggsystem. Genom en iterativ process, har föreslagna ritningar säkerställts mot såväl byggsystemetsom mot kundens estetiska behov. Projektet innehåller en historisk utredning gällande takfotens utveckling under 1900-talet.Den beskriver hur samhällsförhållanden har präglat arkitektens roll i byggandet och hur byggnadernas estetik har påverkats av det. Genom att studera hur en idé realiseras, har takfotens roll för byggnadens estetiska uttryck definierats. Den industriella byggprocessenbörta hänsyn till både inre och yttre effektivitet. Den inre effektiviteten beaktas genom typlösningar som är kompatibla med entreprenörensproduktionssystemoch den yttre effektiviteten beaktas genom lösningar som är eniga med deras kundsegment.Marknadens estetiska krav har undersökts genom såväl arkitektpriser som erhållna markanvisningar i för Lindbäcksintressanta områden. Analysen av den prisbelönta arkitekturen avser att urskiljabredden av dagens estetiska ideal medan markanvisningar identifierarvilka estetiskabehovsomkundernahar.Genom triangulering har en typologistudie av olika takfotssiluetter upprättats. Siluetterna utrycker mötet mellan fasad och tak, vilka har resulterat i fyraolika uttryck. Uttrycken underbyggsfrånsamhällets minimalistiska trend och Lindbäcks efterfrågade stadsmässighet i gestaltningen.Med hänsyn till inre och yttre effektivitet har typlösningarnas antal minimerats. De stödjer ettförändrat uttryck,utan atti stor utsträckningpåverka produktionens standardiseradeprocess. Genomatt erbjuda detaljlösningarsom följer marknadens efterfrågade estetikkommer behovet av projektspecifika lösningar att minska. Detta innebär att arkitekterna kan platsanpassa byggnader som är realiserbara och att produktionen effektiviseras.

Abstract [en]

During the 1900s, the construction industry has evolved into an economically driven market with political instruments. To handle the market's different requirements for functions and economics, an industrial building process is advantageously applied. The industrial process's development is based on standardization and repetition, which is restrictive of flexible architecture. The contradiction between the industrial construction process and the design needs for flexibility can be handled with different types of building components, which together form a unitary building volume.The project dealswith the design of the eaves for Lindbäcks industrial building system. Through an iterative process, proposed drawings have been secured against both the building system and the customer's aesthetic needs.The project contains a historical survey of the development of the roof foot during the 20th century. It describes how social conditions have characterized the role of architect in the construction and how the aesthetics of the buildings have been influenced by it. By studying how an idea is realized, the role of the roof foot has been defined for the aesthetic expression of the building.The industrial construction process should take into account both internal and external efficiency. Internal efficiency is taken into account by type solutions that are compatible with the contractor's production system and the external efficiency is taken into account through solutions that are consistent with their customer segments. The market's aesthetic requirements have been investigated by both architectural prizes and landmarks obtained in Lindbäcks interesting areas. The analysis of the award-winning architecture aims to distinguish the breadth of today's aesthetic ideals while landmarks identify the aesthetic needs of the customers.Through triangulation, a typology study of various eavessilos has been established. The silhouettes express the meeting between facade and ceilings, which have resulted in four different expressions. The expressions are supported by society's minimalist trend and Lindbäcks sought-after urbanism in the form.With regard to internal and external efficiency, the number of typewriters has been minimized. They support a changed expression, without greatly affecting the standardized process of production. By offering retail solutions that follow the market's demanding aesthetics, the need for project-specific solutions will decrease. This means that the architects can adapt buildings that are realizable and that production is streamlined.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74437OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-74437DiVA, id: diva2:1323738
External cooperation
Nordmark&Nordmark
Educational program
Architectural Engineering, master's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-07-02 Created: 2019-06-12 Last updated: 2019-07-02Bibliographically approved

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910111213141512 of 340
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