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Kostvanor hos ungdomar på fotbollsgymnasium
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences.
Luleå University of Technology.
2019 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Idrottande ungdomar gör inte alltid hälsosamma matval och rätt näring är en förutsättning för att orka de fysiska kraven som ställs på fotbollsspelare. Syftet med studien var att kartlägga kostvanor hos ungdomar på fotbollsgymnasium och jämföra resultaten med Svenska Olympiska Kommitténs kostrekommendationer. Studien var kvantitativ och en webbenkät användes som datainsamlingsmetod. Enkäten omfattade kostvanor, livsmedelsval samt kost i samband med prestation och besvarades av 132 deltagare varav 100 svar analyserades. Data analyserades med deskriptiv statistik. Studiens resultat visade att majoriteten av ungdomarna har en regelbunden måltidsordning avseende frukost, lunch, middag och mellanmål, däremot har de mindre kännedom om måltidsplanering och vad som bör intas efter träning. Resultatet visar också att mättat fett är det dominerande intaget av fettkälla hos deltagarna och en stor önskan om minskat intag av mättat fett, sötsaker och snabbmat finns. Resultatet av denna studie utgör ett underlag av råd och riktlinjer kring kost för unga fotbollsspelare och kan vara ett användbart verktyg och stöd för hälsovägledare, lärare, tränare och föräldrar.

Abstract [en]

Athletes do not always make healthy food choices meanwhile the right nutrition is prerequisite to meet the physiological commands of a soccer player. The purpose of the study was to investigate dietary habits of young people at soccer gymnasiums and compare the results with the Swedish Olympic Committee's dietary recommendations. The study was quantitative and a web survey was used as a data collection method. The questionnaire was made to collect information regarding the respondents' dietary habits, food choices, and diet in connection with performance and was answered by 132 participants, of whom 100 responses could be analyzed. Data was analyzed with descriptive statistics. The results of the study show that the majority of young people have a regular meal arrangement for breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks. However, they have less control over timing and what should be taken after training. In addition, the study also showed that saturated fat is popular among the participants and that they have a great desire for reduced intake of saturated fat, sweets and fast food. In conclusion, the result of this study is a basis for advice and guidelines on diet for soccer youths and can be a useful tool and support for health counselors, teachers, trainers, and parents.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019.
Keywords [en]
Health promotion, Theory of planned behavior, eating habits, Swedish Olympic Committee's diet recommendations, young soccer players
Keywords [sv]
Hälsopromotion, teori om planerat beteende, kostvanor, Svenska Olympiska Kommitténs kostrekommendationer, unga fotbollsspelare.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-74937OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-74937DiVA, id: diva2:1329597
Educational program
Health Promotion, bachelor's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-06-28 Created: 2019-06-24 Last updated: 2019-06-28Bibliographically approved

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Department of Health SciencesLuleå University of Technology
Medical and Health Sciences

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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