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Carbon-reinforced MgCl2 composites with high structural stability as robust ammonia carriers for selective catalytic reduction system
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science.
School of Materials Science and Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, People’s Republic of China.
School of Materials Science and Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, People’s Republic of China.
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2020 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, ISSN 2160-6544, E-ISSN 2213-3437, Vol. 8, no 1, article id 103384Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Novel carbon-MgCl2 composites were designed as robust ammonia carriers for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system, with graphite (Gt) and graphene nanoplatelets aggregates (GNA) as additives to MgCl2. The cylindrically pelletized composites manifested high structural stability above the melting temperature of MgCl2 with 95 % mass retention, whereas the pure MgCl2 pellets completely lost their structural integrity. With the support of carbon additives, molten MgCl2 in the composites was isolated and retained the sample-to-holder angle of 90°, contrary to pure MgCl2 of 5.7° contact angle at 1073 K. Furthermore, the composites demonstrated rapid ammonia sorption and desorption kinetics, due to the enhanced surface area and creation of additional microporosity. Our results demonstrated that 20 wt.% GNA-80 wt.% MgCl2 (GNA20) composite presented 83 % faster kinetics in ammonia sorption and 73% faster in the first-2-minutes of desorption compared to the pure MgCl2. The enhancement of both structural stability and sorption kinetics makes the GNA20 composite a robust ammonia carrier.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 8, no 1, article id 103384
Keywords [en]
magnesium chlorideammoniacarbon compositestructural integritykinetics
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Other Materials Engineering
Research subject
Engineering Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77127DOI: 10.1016/j.jece.2019.103584OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-77127DiVA, id: diva2:1376824
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-01-10 (johcin)

Available from: 2019-12-10 Created: 2019-12-10 Last updated: 2020-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Cao, ZhejianAkhtar, Farid

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