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Water Harvesting in Iraq: Status and Opportunities
Private Engineer, Baghdad, Iraq.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1935-1743
2020 (English)In: Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering, ISSN 1792-9040, E-ISSN 1792-9660, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 199-217Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Water harvesting in Iraq is an old application with limited extent. Western Desert, Jazeera Desert and Eastern Valleys, are the zones were the water harvesting must be employed. Several water harvesting dams in Western Desert had built since 1970s, these dams are intended to provide habitat and recharge of groundwater resources. There is limited opportunity to recharge groundwater in Jazeera area due to existence of gypsum layers. Regarding Eastern Valleys, the experience of building water harvesting dams on the valleys manifested that sediments accumulation is the main obstacle to adapt this solution. Hemrin Hills considered as one of the most intensively eroded areas in Iraq, so, soil conservation and water harvesting development is important. Many small dams were built in mountainous zone in the last two decades, some are important for agriculture expansion, but there is need to evaluate the effects on large dams feeding. North-Eastern parts of Jordan, which has similar natural conditions of Northern Desert, had present a successful example of water harvesting development.  

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: Scientific Press International Limited , 2020. Vol. 10, no 1, p. 199-217
Keywords [en]
Water Harvesting, Small Dams, Western Desert, Jazeera Desert, Eastern Valleys
National Category
Geotechnical Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-77380OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-77380DiVA, id: diva2:1385302
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 1;2020-01-24 (johcin)

Available from: 2020-01-14 Created: 2020-01-14 Last updated: 2020-01-24Bibliographically approved

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Al-Ansari, NadhirLaue, Jan

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