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The need for fully bio-based facemasks to counter coronavirus outbreaks: A perspective
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Material Science. School of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing, China.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5474-1512
Department of Materials and Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. Department of Plant Breeding, SLU Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden.
Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2020 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 736, article id 139611Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The onset of coronavirus pandemic has sparked a shortage of facemasks in almost all nations. Without this personal protective equipment, healthcare providers, essential workers, and the general public are exposed to the risk of infection. In light of the aforementioned, it is critical to balance the supply and demand for masks. COVID-19 will also ensure that masks are always considered as an essential commodity in future pandemic preparedness. Moreover, billions of facemasks are produced from petrochemicals derived raw materials, which are non-degradable upon disposal after their single use, thus causing environmental pollution and damage. The sustainable way forward is to utilise raw materials that are side-stream products of local industries to develop facemasks having equal or better efficiency than the conventional ones. In this regard, wheat gluten biopolymer, which is a by-product or co-product of cereal industries, can be electrospun into nanofibre membranes and subsequently carbonised at over 700 °C to form a network structure, which can simultaneously act as the filter media and reinforcement for gluten-based masks. In parallel, the same gluten material can be processed into cohesive thin films using plasticiser and hot press. Additionally, lanosol, a naturally-occurring substance, imparts fire (V-0 rating in vertical burn test), and microbe resistance in gluten plastics. Thus, thin films of flexible gluten with very low amounts of lanosol (<10 wt%) can be bonded together with the carbonised mat and shaped by thermoforming to create the facemasks. The carbon mat acting as the filter can be attached to the masks through adapters that can also be made from injection moulded gluten. The creation of these masks could simultaneously be effective in reducing the transmittance of infectious diseases and pave the way for environmentally benign sustainable products.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2020. Vol. 736, article id 139611
Keywords [en]
Facemasks, Coronavirus, Gluten, Electrospinning, Bio-based membranes
National Category
Other Civil Engineering Bio Materials
Research subject
Wood and Bionanocomposites; Structural Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-79021DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139611ISI: 000544175700002PubMedID: 32473458Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85085260093OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-79021DiVA, id: diva2:1432488
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-05-27 (johcin)

Available from: 2020-05-27 Created: 2020-05-27 Last updated: 2022-10-27Bibliographically approved

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Das, OisikFörsth, Michael

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