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Fluorine-Free Ionic Liquid-Based Electrolyte for Supercapacitors Operating at Elevated Temperatures
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-7940-7297
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Kemiteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-3652-7798
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, E-ISSN 2168-0485, Vol. 8, nr 27, s. 10212-10221Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

We synthesized tetra(n-butyl)phosphonium furoate [P4444][FuA] ionic liquid (IL) by the reaction of tetra(n-butyl)phosphonium hydroxide and 2-furoic acid using water as a solvent at room temperature. The thermal stability and phase behavior of the IL are investigated through thermogravimetry (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), while the ionic conductivity measurement is carried out using impedance spectroscopy. Hybrid carbon-based material composed of multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) and activated charcoal is fabricated and used as electrodes. The effect of potential scan rate, temperature and voltage on the electrochemical performance of the capacitor is thoroughly investigated through cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results showed that the internal resistance and specific capacitance are highly dependent on the temperature and voltage, and a high specific capacitance of 141.4 F g−1 (5 mV s−1) from CV and 182 F g−1 (1 A g−1) from GCD at 100 °C is achieved, indicating an excellent electrochemical performance. The capacitor demonstrated 29.0 Wh kg−1 energy density and 13.3 kW kg−1 power density at 20 °C and 3 V potential, while 177 Wh kg−1 energy density and 82 kW kg−1 power density are achieved at higher temperature (100 °C). The FTIR analysis of the capacitor after electrochemical studies confirmed that no changes have occurred in the structure of the IL, indicating high electrochemical stability of the IL for supercapacitor applications in an extended temperature (−20 to 100 °C) and a wide potential range (3 V to 4.6 V).

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2020. Vol. 8, nr 27, s. 10212-10221
Emneord [en]
ionic liquids, ionic conductivity, cyclic voltammetry, energy density, capacitor
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-79688DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.0c02568ISI: 000551360900027Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85088634657OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-79688DiVA, id: diva2:1442287
Merknad

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-08-17 (alebob)

Tilgjengelig fra: 2020-06-16 Laget: 2020-06-16 Sist oppdatert: 2022-05-11bibliografisk kontrollert

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Khan, Inayat AliShah, Faiz Ullah

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