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A Review on the Flammability Properties of Carbon-Based Polymeric Composites: State-of-the-Art and Future Trends
Center for Polymer Composites and Natural Fiber Research, Tamil Nadu 625005, India.
Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymeric Materials Division, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden.
School of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China.
Centre for Advanced Composite Materials, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.
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2020 (English)In: Polymers, E-ISSN 2073-4360, Vol. 12, no 7, article id 1518Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Carbon based fillers have attracted a great deal of interest in polymer composites because of their ability to beneficially alter properties at low filler concentration, good interfacial bonding with polymer, availability in different forms, etc. The property alteration of polymer composites makes them versatile for applications in various fields, such as constructions, microelectronics, biomedical, and so on. Devastations due to building fire stress the importance of flame-retardant polymer composites, since they are directly related to human life conservation and safety. Thus, in this review, the significance of carbon-based flame-retardants for polymers is introduced. The effects of a wide variety of carbon-based material addition (such as fullerene, CNTs, graphene, graphite, and so on) on reaction-to-fire of the polymer composites are reviewed and the focus is dedicated to biochar-based reinforcements for use in flame retardant polymer composites. Additionally, the most widely used flammability measuring techniques for polymeric composites are presented. Finally, the key factors and different methods that are used for property enhancement are concluded and the scope for future work is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020. Vol. 12, no 7, article id 1518
Keywords [en]
biochar, carbon fillers, nanocomposites, flame retardants, fire
National Category
Other Civil Engineering Bio Materials
Research subject
Wood and Bionanocomposites; Structural Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-80221DOI: 10.3390/polym12071518ISI: 000557009600001PubMedID: 32650531Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85088259106OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-80221DiVA, id: diva2:1453895
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-08-17 (johcin)

Available from: 2020-07-13 Created: 2020-07-13 Last updated: 2024-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Försth, MichaelByström, AlexandraDas, Oisik

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