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Hemma men på jobbet: Anställdas upplevelser av att arbeta hemifrån under coronapandemin
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences.
2020 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Med anledning av det nya coronaviruset och de rekommendationer om social distansering som Folkhälsomyndigheten gått ut med arbetar många som har möjlighet till distansarbete hemifrån. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur anställda upplever att arbeta hemifrån under social distansering på grund av coronapandemin, med utgångspunkt i krav/kontroll/stöd-modellen. För att besvara syftet ställdes följande forskningsfrågor: Hur upplevs arbetsgivarens krav vid arbete på distans? Hur upplever anställda sin egen kontroll över arbetet? och Hur upplever anställda behov av och tillgång till socialt stöd vid arbete på distans? Det teoretiska ramverk studien utgick från är Karasek och Theorells krav/kontroll/stöd-modell. Empirin samlades in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer via telefon, urvalet skedde genom ett snöbollsurval och empirin analyserades genom en tematisk analys efter undersökningens syfte och forskningsfrågor. Resultatet visade att arbetsgivarens krav och den anställdes kontroll upplevdes relativt opåverkade under arbetet på distans, att behovet av stöd i stort upplevdes som oförändrat och att distansarbetet upplevdes ha både positiva och negativa effekter på möjligheter till stöd.

Abstract [en]

Many employees are teleworking from home due to the new corona virus and the recommendations about social distance done by the Public Health Agency of Sweden. The purpose of the study was to investigate how employees experience working from home during social distance due to the corona pandemic, based on the demand/control/support model. To answer this purpose, the following research questions were asked: How do employees experience work demands when working from home? How do employees experience their own control over work? and How do employees experience the need for and access to social support when working from home? The study is theoretically based on Karasek and Theorell's demand/control/support model. The data was collected through semi-structured phone interviews and the selection was made by a snowball sample. Data was analyzed through a thematic analysis based on the purpose and research questions of the study. The results show that work demands and the employee's control were experienced relatively unaffected during telework, that need for social support were experienced mostly unaffected and that teleworking was perceived to have both positive and negative effects on the possibilities for support.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2020. , p. 28
Keywords [en]
Teleworkning, Demand, Control, Support, Corona pandemic
Keywords [sv]
Distansarbete, Krav, Kontroll, Stöd, Cronapandemin
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-80849OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-80849DiVA, id: diva2:1469430
Educational program
Sociology, bachelor's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2020-09-23 Created: 2020-09-21 Last updated: 2020-09-23Bibliographically approved

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