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Creating a Traceable Product Story in Manufacturing Supply Chains Using IPFS
Department of Industrial Systems, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB, SE-16440 Kista, Sweden.
Department of Industrial Systems, RISE Research Institutes of Sweden AB, SE-16440 Kista, Sweden.
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, EISLAB.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4031-2872
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för system- och rymdteknik, Datavetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0244-3561
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2020 (Engelska)Ingår i: 2020 IEEE 19th International Symposium on Network Computing and Applications (NCA) / [ed] Aris Gkoulalas-Divanis, Mirco Marchetti, Dimiter R. Avresky, Boston/New York: IEEE, 2020, s. 11-18Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Evolving traceability requirements increasingly challenge manufacturing supply chain actors to collect tamperproof and auditable evidence about what inputs they process, in what way these inputs are used, and what the resulting process outputs are. Traceability solutions based on blockchain technology have shown ways to satisfy the requirements of creating a tamper-proof and auditable trail of traceability data. However, the existing solutions struggle to meet the increasing storage requirements necessary to create an evidence trail using manufacturing data. In this paper, we show a way to create a tamper-proof and auditable evolving product story that uses a decentralized file system called the InterPlanetary File System (IPFS). We also show how using linked data can help auditors derive a traceable product story from such an accumulating evidence trail. The solution proposed herein can supplement existing blockchain-based traceability solutions and enable traceability in global manufacturing supply chains where forming a consortium incurs prohibitive costs and where storage requirements are high.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Boston/New York: IEEE, 2020. s. 11-18
Serie
IEEE International Symposium on Network Computing and Applications, E-ISSN 2643-7929
Nyckelord [en]
Blockchain, Decentralized Storage, Manufacturing Supply Chain, Traceability
Nationell ämneskategori
Inbäddad systemteknik Medieteknik
Forskningsämne
Cyberfysiska system; Distribuerade datorsystem
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-81430DOI: 10.1109/NCA51143.2020.9306719ISI: 000661912700008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85099725489OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-81430DiVA, id: diva2:1501699
Konferens
19th IEEE International Symposium on Network Computing and Applications (NCA 2020), 24-27 November, 2020, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Anmärkning

ISBN för värdpublikation: 978-1-7281-8326-8

Tillgänglig från: 2020-11-17 Skapad: 2020-11-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-03-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Blockchain and Distributed Hash Table Technology in Decentralized Systems
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Blockchain and Distributed Hash Table Technology in Decentralized Systems
2021 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the popular domains in real-time analytics, ma-chine learning, ubiquitous computing, commodity sensors, and embedded systems where remote smart devices play notable roles in smart homes and industry. The information from emerging IoT environments like remotely-controlled objects, autonomous vehicles (AVs), and energy management can produce a huge amount of data. Moreover, under-standing the security in a scalable decentralized IoT environment is a significant issue.Decentralization has become popular again in the world since cryptocurrencies started to be a part of businesses. Therefore, researchers invested in upgrading resources to increase the reliability of these systems among people when most of the activities and human works are now managed by smart electronic devices remotely. Distributed ledgers, Distributed Hash Tables (DHTs), and blockchain technologies are proper decentralized technologies that improve system security, scalability, and trustworthiness. Blockchains contain a group of connected blocks that are digitally signed transactions stored in a decentralized fashion. The DHT technology is another decentralized solution that helps applications keep files and information immutable in a decentralized manner to mitigate the high cost of storage without memory limitations.In this thesis, we argue for a decentralized systems paradigm and, in conjunction with IoT and the blockchain. Our contributions are as follows. First, we introduce the term networks and service architectures and how it is possible to use blockchain in the real world. We consider different architectures in IoT systems and show the blockchain en-counter with the IoT and the resulting behavior. Second, we detect most of the frequent types of attacks in IoT related to using blockchain in the systems. We also describe how the blockchain works and illustrate a variety of security problems in systems. Fur-thermore, we discuss how the blockchain solves security problems by comparing different blockchains and explain how users handle their communication without third-party de-pendence. As our third contribution, we propose a novel architecture that consists of finding global identification in distributed applications and enable decentralized systems to be more secure with the help of blockchain technology. We also validate the proposed architecture and novel decentralized application development to evaluate high efficiency by combining blockchain, DHT, and biometric technologies.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Luleå University of Technology, 2021
Serie
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
Nationell ämneskategori
Datavetenskap (datalogi)
Forskningsämne
Distribuerade datorsystem
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-86795 (URN)978-91-7790-909-5 (ISBN)978-91-7790-910-1 (ISBN)
Presentation
2021-10-22, A193, Skellefteå, 14:30 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2021-08-25 Skapad: 2021-08-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-10-01Bibliografiskt granskad

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Schelén, OlovAndersson, KarlAlizadeh, Morteza

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