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Phytic acid: A bio-based flame retardant for cotton and wool fabrics
Polymers & Functional Materials Division, Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Uppal Road, Tarnaka, Hyderabad, 500007, Telangana, India.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7140-4737
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8682-876x
Department of Fire Protection and Rescue Control, University of Public Service, H-1011, Budapest, Hungary.
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2021 (English)In: Industrial crops and products (Print), ISSN 0926-6690, E-ISSN 1872-633X, Vol. 164, article id 113349Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Phytic acid (PA) is one of the widely used flame retardants (FRs) to treat a variety of fabrics owing to its high phosphorus content of ca. 28 wt% (with respect to its molecular weight), abundance, non-toxicity, and biocompatibility. The current review discusses the state-of-the-art of PA-based FRs for natural fabrics such as cotton and wool. The possibilities of making PA and FR-based multi-functional cotton fabrics having antimicrobial, conductive, hydrophobic properties are reported by virtue of the synergistic benefits associated with chitosan, silicon, nitrogen, and boron-based molecules. The factors influencing the FR behaviour as well as the durability of PA-based cotton and wool fabrics are discussed with respect to the concentration of PA, pH of the coating solution, temperature, and preparation methods. Holistically, PA has been proved to be a potential alternative to halogenated FRs to confer fire retardant property to cotton and wool fabrics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 164, article id 113349
Keywords [en]
Phytic acid, Bio-based, Flame retardant, Non-halogenated, Cotton fabric, Wool fabric
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-83267DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2021.113349ISI: 000635623200006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85101992315OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-83267DiVA, id: diva2:1537165
Note

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-03-15 (alebob)

Available from: 2021-03-15 Created: 2021-03-15 Last updated: 2022-10-27Bibliographically approved

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Försth, MichaelSas, GabrielDas, Oisik

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