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Circular economy in biocomposite development: State-of-the-art, challenges and emerging trends
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Saveetha School of Engineering, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai 602 105, Tamilnadu, India.
School of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7140-4737
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Structural and Fire Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8682-876x
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2021 (English)In: Composites Part C: Open Access, ISSN 2666-6820, Vol. 5, article id 100138Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Biocomposites being environmentally-friendly alternative to synthetic composites are gaining increasing demand for various applications. Hence, biocomposite development should be integrated within a circular economy (CE) model to ensure a sustainable production that is simultaneously innocuous towards the environment. This review presents an overview of the state-of-the-art technologies for the adoption of the CE concept in biocomposite development. The study outlined the properties, environmental and economic impacts of biocomposites. A critical review of the life-cycle assessment of biocomposite for evaluating greenhouse gas emissions and carbon footprints was conducted. In addition, the opportunities and challenges pertaining to the implementation of CE have been discussed in detail. Recycling and utilisation of bio-based constituents were identified as the critical factors in embracing CE. Therefore, the development of innovative recycling technologies and an enhanced use of novel biocomposite constituents could lead to a reduction in material waste and environmental footprints. This article is one of the first studies to review the circularity of biocomposites in detail that will stimulate further research in enhancing the sustainability of these polymeric materials.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 5, article id 100138
Keywords [en]
Circular economy: Biocomposites, Recycling, Sustainability, Polymers
National Category
Composite Science and Engineering
Research subject
Structural Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-83719DOI: 10.1016/j.jcomc.2021.100138ISI: 000819146100015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85108059257OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-83719DiVA, id: diva2:1544776
Funder
The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT), 51911530151, CH2018-7733
Note

Godkänd;2021;Nivå 0;2021-04-16 (alebob)

Available from: 2021-04-16 Created: 2021-04-16 Last updated: 2023-05-08Bibliographically approved

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Försth, MichaelSas, GabrielDas, Oisik

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