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Recent advances on key enzymatic activities for the utilisation of lignocellulosic biomass
Industrial Biotechnology & Biocatalysis Group, Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
Industrial Biotechnology & Biocatalysis Group, Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
Industrial Biotechnology & Biocatalysis Group, Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
Industrial Biotechnology & Biocatalysis Group, Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Athens, Greece.
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 342, artikel-id 126058Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The field of enzymatic degradation of lignocellulose is actively growing and the recent updates of the last few years indicate that there is still much to learn. The growing number of protein sequences with unknown function in microbial genomes indicates that there is still much to learn on the mechanisms of lignocellulose degradation. In this review, a summary of the progress in the field is presented, including recent discoveries on the nature of the structural polysaccharides, new technologies for the discovery and functional annotation of gene sequences including omics technologies, and the novel lignocellulose-acting enzymes described. Novel enzymatic activities and enzyme families as well as on accessory enzymes and their synergistic relationships regarding biomass breakdown are described. Moreover, it is shown that all the valuable knowledge of the enzymatic decomposition of plant biomass polymers can be employed towards the decomposition and upgrading of synthetic polymers, such as plastics.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 342, artikel-id 126058
Nyckelord [en]
Lignocellulosic biomass, xylanase, carbohydrate esterase, lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase, plastics degradation
Nationell ämneskategori
Biokatalys och enzymteknik
Forskningsämne
Biokemisk processteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-87299DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2021.126058ISI: 000703676800007PubMedID: 34597805Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85116004410OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-87299DiVA, id: diva2:1599182
Anmärkning

Validerad;2021;Nivå 2;2021-10-04 (beamah);

Funder: Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovation (328)

Tillgänglig från: 2021-09-30 Skapad: 2021-09-30 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-12-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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Topakas, Evangelos

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