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Men who self-harm—A scoping review of a complex phenomenon
Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9844-7585
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology, Nursing and Medical Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1624-1795
Faculty of Education and Welfare Studies, Åbo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland; Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, University of South-Eastern Norway, Drammen, Norway.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9932-3592
National Association for Prevention of Self-Harm and Suicide, Oslo, Norway.
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2022 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 78, no 5, p. 1187-1211Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: To understand and care for men who self-harm, it is important that healthcare professionals have understanding of how and why men self-harm, men's experiences of self-harm and what can be done to hinder or prevent self-harm.

Aims: The aim of this study was to synthesize the existing knowledge on men who self-harm, with a special emphasis on background, self-harming methods, experiences and reported therapeutic interventions and/or care approaches.

Design: Scoping review of internationally published and grey literature, based on a methodological framework by Arksey and O’Malley.

Data sources: Systematic electronic database searches were conducted in CINAHL, MEDLINE (Ovid) and PsycINFO. From a total of 684 studies found, 24 studies met the inclusion criteria: full-text, published in English, peer-reviewed studies and grey literature including a focus on men who self-harm, men aged between 18 and 65 years, and published between 2010 and 2019.

Results: Men's self-harm was understood as being related to mental disorders, a means of affect regulation, a loss of self-control, and a means of interpersonal communication. Self-harm can be a positive or negative experience, and there is a wide variety in the methods that men use to self-harm: sharp objects, injection, ingestion, without aids or riskful behaviour. Few studies reported on therapeutic interventions and/or care approaches for men who self-harm.

Conclusion: Men's self-harm should be understood as a complex, socially and culturally conditioned phenomenon and studied from a multitude of perspectives.

Impact: This scoping review concludes that self-harm among men should be understood as a complex, socially and culturally conditioned phenomenon. To empower men and support their recovery from self-harm, a person-centred approach should be incorporated into research on the subject and practice.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2022. Vol. 78, no 5, p. 1187-1211
Keywords [en]
male, men, nursing, scoping review, self-harm, self-inflicted, self-injuries, self-injurious, self- injurious behaviour/or self-mutilation/self-harm, self-injury, self-mutilation
National Category
Nursing Psychiatry
Research subject
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-88314DOI: 10.1111/JAN.15132ISI: 000731924200001PubMedID: 34931712Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85121469809OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-88314DiVA, id: diva2:1619227
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-05-06 (hanlid)

Available from: 2021-12-13 Created: 2021-12-13 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Gabrielsson, Sebastian

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