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Landfill Site Selection Using GIS and Multi-criteria Decision-making AHP and SAW Methods: A Case Study in Sulaimaniyah Governorate, Iraq
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering. Department of Geology, College of Science, Sulaimani University, 460013, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq; Kurdistan Institution for Strategic Studies and Scientific Research, 460013, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4430-807X
Department of Geology, College of Science, Sulaimani University, 460013, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq; Komar University of Science and Technology, 460013, Sulaimaniyah, Iraq.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1935-1743
2022 (English)In: Research Developments in Geotechnics, Geo-Informatics and Remote Sensing: Proceedings of the 2nd Springer Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences (CAJG-2), Tunisia 2019 / [ed] Hesham El-Askary; Zeynal Abiddin Erguler; Murat Karakus; Helder I. Chaminé, Springer Nature, 2022, p. 289-292Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Lack of land for waste disposal is one of the main problems facing urban areas in developing countries. The Sulaimaniyah Governorate, located in Northern Iraq, is one of the main cities of the country in the Kurdistan Region, covering an area of 2400 km2. Currently, there is no landfill site in the study region that meets the scientific and environmental requirements, and the inappropriate dumping of solid waste causes adverse effects to the environment, economic and urban aesthetic. To overcome this phenomenon, it is crucial to suggest a landfill site, even in countries that recycle or burn their waste to protect the environment. Landfill sites should be carefully selected taking into account all regulations and other restrictions. The integration of geographic information systems and the multi-criteria decision analysis were used in this study to select suitable landfill locations in the region. To this end, thirteen layers prepared according to their importance including slope, geology, land use, urban area, villages, rivers, groundwater, slope, elevation, soil, geology, road, oil and gas, land use, archaeology and power lines. Two different methods (simple additive weighting and analytic hierarchy process) were implemented in a geographical information system to obtain the suitability index map for candidate landfill sites, where all these conditions satisfied the scientific and environmental criteria adopted in this study. The comparison of the maps resulting from these two different methods demonstrates that both methods produced consistent results.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2022. p. 289-292
Series
Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation, ISSN 2522-8714, E-ISSN 2522-8722
Keywords [en]
Criteria weights, GIS software, Simple additive weighting (SAW) method, Analytic hierarchy process (AHP), Landfill site
National Category
Remote Sensing Physical Geography Other Environmental Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-91012DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-72896-0_65Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85125904947OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-91012DiVA, id: diva2:1664713
Conference
2nd Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences (CAJG), Sousse, Tunisia, November 25-28, 2019
Note

ISBN fär värdpublikation: 978-3-030-72895-3, 978-3-030-72896-0

Available from: 2022-06-04 Created: 2022-06-04 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Alkaradaghi, KarwanAl-Ansari, NadhirLaue, Jan

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