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The impact of the tropical water project on darbandikhan dam operation
Department of Water Resources Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah 46002, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
Department of Water Resources Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah 46002, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.
LuleƄ University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
2022 (English)In: Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences, ISSN 1018-3639Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

Besides global warming and population growth, the Turkish and the Iranian water projects have negatively affected the water resources in Iraq. Recently, Iran has implemented its largest water project (The Tropical Water Project - TWP). This project aims to store the flowing water in the Sirwan and Zmkan rivers (i.e., tributaries of the Diyala River) to provide irrigation, domestic, and industrial water for areas inside and outside the Diyala River Basin. The Darbandikhan dam and Halabja water supply project are located on the Diyala River. In this study, the impact of the TWP on the operation of the Darbandikhan dam and Halabja water supply project was investigated. The monthly inflow data of the Darbandikhan dam from September 1991 to December 2017 were used to simulate the operation of the dam using the HEC-ResSim 3.1 package. Two scenarios have been adopted for the operation of the Darbandikhan dam. In the first scenario, the Darbandikhan dam operation was simulated without considering the effects of the TWP project.

In contrast, in the second scenario, the full operation of the TWP project was considered. The results revealed that about 48.4% of the power generation capacity would be lost, and the water surface elevation in the reservoir would be affected significantly due to the TWP project. The water surface elevation would be at or below 443 m for long periods, which will affect the operation of the Halabja water supply project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2022.
Keywords [en]
Darbandikhan Dam, Sirwan River, Hydropower Generation, Reservoir Operation, HEC-ResSim
National Category
Ocean and River Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-91820DOI: 10.1016/j.jksues.2022.06.003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85134763911OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-91820DiVA, id: diva2:1675114
Available from: 2022-06-22 Created: 2022-06-22 Last updated: 2023-09-05

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Al-Ansari, Nadhir A.

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