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Optimising water resources management by Using Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) in the West of Iraq
University of Anbar, College of Engineering, Upper Euphrates Basin Developing Centre, Ramadi, Iraq.
University of Anbar, College of Engineering, Dams and Water Resources Department, Ramadi, Iraq.
University of Anbar, College of Engineering, Dams and Water Resources Department, Ramadi, Iraq.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Mining and Geotechnical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6790-2653
2022 (English)In: Journal of Water and Land Development, ISSN 1429-7426, no 53, p. 176-186Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Iraq has been suffering from decreasing Euphrates discharge due to the construction of dams within upstream countries and the use of surface irrigation systems. The country is facing a problem with meeting the increasing demand for water as a result of population growth and development in the industrial and agricultural sectors. Therefore, a simulation modelling was applied for western Iraq (Ramadi city as a case study) using the Water Evaluation and Planning System (WEAP) for the period 2018–2035. This research follows a four-step approach that involves: (i) evaluating the available water of the Euphrates River under declined water imports caused by the construction of dams in Turkey and Syria, (ii) assessing present and future water demands of the domestic, industrial, and agricultural sectors, (iii) improving water productivity (WP) by means of saving more water, (iv) estimating the economic returns under improved water use. The results showed that Iraq would face a serious problem in the coming years, represented by the limited storage of Haditha Dam, which is considered the strategic water storage site for the central and southern regions of Iraq. The study indicated the necessity of finding alternative sources of water supply by adopting new water management strategies to reduce the water deficit. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Polish Academy of Sciences (PAN) , 2022. no 53, p. 176-186
Keywords [en]
dual Kc approach, water management, water productivity, WEAP-model
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources Ocean and River Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-91985DOI: 10.24425/jwld.2022.140795Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85133857344OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-91985DiVA, id: diva2:1678332
Note

Godkänd;2022;Nivå 0;2022-06-29 (sofila)

Available from: 2022-06-29 Created: 2022-06-29 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Al-Ansari, Nadhir

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