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Gaming motivations and gaming disorder symptoms: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Education and Technology, Health, Medicine and Rehabilitation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4813-0309
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Education and Technology, Health, Medicine and Rehabilitation. Department of Radiation Sciences, Umeå Center for Functional Brain Imaging (UFBI), Umeå University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1717-240x
Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3256-9018
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Education and Technology, Health, Medicine and Rehabilitation.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2709-9966
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2022 (English)In: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, ISSN 2062-5871, E-ISSN 2063-5303, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 667-688Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and aims: The present systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to synthesize the available literature on the relationship between gaming motivations and gaming disorder symptoms. Specifically, to (1) explore what gaming motivation questionnaires and classifications are used in studies on gaming disorder symptoms and (2) investigate the relationship between motivational factors and symptoms of gaming disorder. Method: An electronic database search was conducted via EBSCO (MEDLINE and PsycINFO) and the Web of Science Core Collection. All studies using validated measurements on gaming disorder symptoms and gaming motivations and available correlation coefficients of the relationship between gaming disorder and gaming motivations were included. The meta-analyses were conducted using a random-effects model. Results: In total, 49 studies (k = 58 independent sub-samples), including 51,440 participants, out of which 46 studies (k = 55 sub-samples, n = 49,192 participants) provided data for the meta-analysis. The synthesis identified fourteen different gaming motivation instruments, seven unique motivation models, and 26 motivational factors. The meta-analysis showed statistically significant associations between gaming disorder symptoms and 23 out of 26 motivational factors, with the majority of the pooled mean effect sizes ranging from small to moderate. Moreover, large heterogeneity was observed, and the calculated prediction intervals indicated substantial variation in effects across populations and settings. Motivations related to emotional escape were robustly associated with gaming disorder symptoms. Discussion and conclusions: The present meta-analysis reinforces the importance of motivational factors in understanding problematic gaming behavior. The analysis showed significant heterogeneity in most outcomes, warranting further investigation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Akademiai Kiado, 2022. Vol. 11, no 3, p. 667-688
Keywords [en]
meta-analysis, systematic review, gaming disorder, addiction, problematic gaming, motivation
National Category
Psychiatry Substance Abuse
Research subject
Engineering Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-93244DOI: 10.1556/2006.2022.00053ISI: 000864860900004PubMedID: 36094861Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85139853140OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-93244DiVA, id: diva2:1698810
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, KAW 2014.0205Vinnova, 2021-02361Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2020-01111Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports, P2021-0103
Note

Validerad;2022;Nivå 2;2022-11-28 (sofila)

Available from: 2022-09-26 Created: 2022-09-26 Last updated: 2024-03-27Bibliographically approved

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Bäcklund, ChristianElbe, PiaEriksson Sörman, DanielLjungberg, Jessica K.

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