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A numerical approach for predicting cut edge morphology in high strength sheets
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Solid Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0764-5667
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Solid Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7895-1058
voestalpine Stahl GmbH, Linz, Austria.
voestalpine Stahl GmbH, Linz, Austria.
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Applied Mechanics
Research subject
Solid Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-93321OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-93321DiVA, id: diva2:1699956
Available from: 2022-09-29 Created: 2022-09-29 Last updated: 2023-09-05
In thesis
1. Predicting Sheared Edge Characteristics of High Strength Steels
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Predicting Sheared Edge Characteristics of High Strength Steels
2022 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

An efficient way of reducing CO2 emissions from the transportation sector is to reduce the vehicle weights, i.e. lightweighting. A common strategy for lightweighting of vehicles is to replace the steels used to build structural parts of the vehicle, usually manufactured by metallic sheets, with stronger, advanced high strength steel (AHSS) grades. Using stronger steel grades enables down-gauging while the structural integrity of the parts remain unchanged. However, the increase in strength of AHSS typically comes with a loss of ductility, affecting their forming properties. A common AHSS manufacturing defect is edge cracking occurring when a sheared edge (damaged by the shearing operation) is bent or stretched. It is known in the sheet metal forming industry that the shear cutting process introduces damage, in terms of micro-cracks and notches, to sheared edges from which edge cracks can grow. Conventional forming analyses do not include the effects from sheared edge damage and therefore can not predict edge cracking during forming. Numerical modelling of the shear cutting process can aid the understanding of sheared edge damage and how it affects the AHSS edge cracking phenomena.

This thesis presents experimental and numerical methods for calibration of acommercial damage- and failure model, intended for shear cutting simulations. Crack initiation and propagation govern the shear cutting process of AHSS sheets. Therefore, a commercial numerical damage- and failure model was studied regarding its ability to predict shear edge damage. The investigation shows that the damage and failure model has limitations concerning prediction of crack initiation, thus concluding that modelling of processes including formation of cracks using the said damage- and failure model risks to generate erroneous results. This phenomena was also seen in modelling of shear cutting, where the crack-driven fracture process following burnish formation was delayed. Through sensitivity analysis of uncalibrated areas on the failure locus could accurate correlation between numerical and experimental cut edge morphology be obtained. Such results show that additional calibration experiments are necessary, but also the need for development of stress-state dependent failure modelling of AHSS that includes the effect from cracks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2022
Series
Licentiate thesis / Luleå University of Technology, ISSN 1402-1757
National Category
Applied Mechanics
Research subject
Solid Mechanics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-93322 (URN)978-91-8048-157-1 (ISBN)978-91-8048-158-8 (ISBN)
Presentation
2022-11-25, C305, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luleå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2022-09-29 Created: 2022-09-29 Last updated: 2023-09-05Bibliographically approved

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Sandin, OlleHammarberg, SamuelJonsén, PärCasellas, Daniel

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CiteExportLink to record
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