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Riparian Management and Nutrients Distribution in Different Zones of Euphrates Riverbanks
Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Babylon, Babylon 51001, Iraq.
Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Babylon, Babylon 51001, Iraq.
Department of Environment Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Babylon, Babylon 51001, Iraq.
Department of Environment Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Babylon, Babylon 51001, Iraq.
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2023 (English)In: International Journal of Design & Nature and Ecodynamics, ISSN 1755-7437, E-ISSN 1755-7445, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The dynamic of nutrient cycling is a critical factor in riparian regions. It is essential to understand the behaviour of riparian areas in the maintenance and management river ecosystem. Sediment load, nutrients, and pathogens are transported to water bodies through land drainage and riverside flow. The classification of environmental agencies was poor for them. In this study, a qualitative investigation was implemented to determine the relationship between these practices and variations in nutrient retention for several types of riverbank soil. Also, the riverbank soils were including soil covered by wild reed plants. All the field works were along the Euphrates River in three locations. Moreover, study the variation in the content of vegetation riverbank soils from nitrogen, organic matter (OM), potassium (K), phosphorus (P), and PH. The results presented that riverbanks consider important locations for nutrient retention. Whilst agricultural activities have minimized the content of soil of OM (30%), N (49%), and K (3%), in subsurface soil but not so great lowering in surface layers. In contrast, management practices and human activities such as burning caused an apparent increase of OM (4%), N (77%), and a clear reduction in P (12%) content at both surface and subsurface layers of soil. Under all circumstances, riverbank soils showed a relative increase of nutrients at wet toe-slopes. Furthermore, it is noted that riparian vegetation and aquatic plants played a significant role by causing critical changes in riparian sides or even contrary effects on riverbank management practices and destruction of natural soil nutrient conditions. Thus, it should be carefully considered when evaluating the ecological impacts of riparian disturbances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Information and Engineering Technology Association , 2023. Vol. 18, no 1, p. 1-10
Keywords [en]
riparian, riverbanks, nutrients, land management, Euphrates River
National Category
Ecology Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-95813DOI: 10.18280/ijdne.180101Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85152724130OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-95813DiVA, id: diva2:1741981
Funder
Luleå University of Technology
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 1;2023-03-08 (joosat);

Funder: Al-Mustaqbal University College, Iraq

Available from: 2023-03-08 Created: 2023-03-08 Last updated: 2023-10-11Bibliographically approved

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Al-Ansari, NadhirLaue, Jan

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