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Samband och könsskillnader i självskattade sömnsvårigheter, stress och minnessvårigheter hos universitetsstudenter
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Learning and Technology.
2023 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Relationships and gender differences in self-reported sleep difficulties, stress and memory difficulties in university students (English)
Abstract [en]

Sleep difficulties are a widespread problem that is often caused by high stress and can have negative consequences for many functions such as memory difficulties. The purpose of this thesis was to investigate gender differences between self-rated sleep difficulties, perceived stress and everyday life memory difficulties in university students. Furthermore, associations betweenself-rated sleep difficulties, stress and memory difficulties were investigated. To answer the research questions, three validated questionnaires were used regarding sleep difficulties measured with Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), perceived stress measured with Percevied Stress Scale (PSS) and memory difficulties measured with Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ). The survey was completed by 99 students at Luleå University of Technology, of which 88 answers (50 women and 38 men) were included in the analysis. The results showed that there were differences between women and men regarding perceived stress, where women reported higher levels of stress. Furthermore, the results showed positive associations between self-reported sleep difficulties and stress, as well as stress and self-reported memory difficulties. In a multiple regression analysis, perceived stress was the only factor associated with memory difficulties. In conclusion, the study showed that women experienced more stress than men, that stress and sleep are strongly correlated, and that stress was the only factor associated with memory difficulties in everyday life in university students.

Abstract [sv]

Sömnsvårigheter är ett utbrett problem som ofta orsakas av hög stress och kan få negativa konsekvenser för många funktioner såsom minnessvårigheter. Syftet med denna examensuppsats var att undersöka könsskillnader mellan självskattade sömnsvårigheter, upplevd stress och minnessvårigheter hos universitetsstudenter. Vidare undersöktes associationer mellan självskattade sömnsvårigheter, stress och minnessvårigheter. För att besvara frågeställningarna användes tre validerade frågeformulär gällande sömnsvårigheter mätt med Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), upplevd stress mätt med Percevied Stress Scale (PSS) och minnessvårigheter mätt med Prospective and Retrospective Memory Questionnaire (PRMQ). Enkäterna besvarades av 99 universitetsstudenter vid Luleå tekniska universitet, där 88 enkätsvar (50 kvinnor och 38 män) sedan analyserades. Resultatet visade att det fanns skillnader mellan kvinnor och män gällande upplevd stress, där kvinnor rapporterade högre nivåer av stress. Vidare visade resultatet att det fanns positiva samband mellan självskattade sömnsvårigheter och stress, samt stress och självskattade minnessvårigheter. I en multipel regressionsanalys var upplevd stress den enda faktorn som var associerad med minnessvårigheter. Sammanfattningsvis visar studien att kvinnor upplever mer stress än män, att stress och sömn är starkt korrelerade samt att stress var den enda faktor som var associerad med minnessvårigheter i vardagen.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 24
Keywords [en]
Memory difficulties, Stress, Sleep difficulties, University students
Keywords [sv]
Minnessvårigheter, Stress, Sömnsvårigheter, Universitetsstudenter
National Category
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-98650OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-98650DiVA, id: diva2:1771579
Educational program
Psychology, bachelor's level
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2023-06-21 Created: 2023-06-20 Last updated: 2023-06-21Bibliographically approved

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