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3DEG: Data-Driven Descriptor Extraction for Global re-localization in subterranean environments
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Signals and Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0108-6286
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Signals and Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8235-2728
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Signals and Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0126-1897
2024 (English)In: Expert systems with applications, ISSN 0957-4174, E-ISSN 1873-6793, Vol. 237, no part B, article id 121508Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Localization algorithms that rely on 3D LiDAR scanners often encounter temporary failures due to various factors, such as sensor faults, dust particles, or drifting. These failures can result in a misalignment between the robot’s estimated pose and its actual position in the global map. To address this issue, the process of global re-localization becomes essential, as it involves accurately estimating the robot’s current pose within the given map. In this article, we propose a novel global re-localization framework that addresses the limitations of current algorithms heavily reliant on scan matching and direct point cloud feature extraction. Unlike most methods, our framework eliminates the need for an initial guess and provides multiple top-� candidates for selection, enhancing robustness and flexibility. Furthermore, we introduce an event-based re-localization trigger module, enabling autonomous robotic missions. Focusing on subterranean environments with low features, we leverage range image descriptors derived from 3D LiDAR scans to preserve depth information. Our approach enhances a state-of-the-art data-driven descriptor extraction framework for place recognition and orientation regression by incorporating a junction detection module that utilizes the descriptors for classification purposes. The effectiveness of the proposed approach was evaluated across three distinct real-life subterranean environments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024. Vol. 237, no part B, article id 121508
Keywords [en]
Global re-localization, Sparse 3D LiDAR scans, Deep learning, Subterranean
National Category
Robotics
Research subject
Robotics and Artificial Intelligence
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-101413DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2023.121508ISI: 001081895400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85171330587OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-101413DiVA, id: diva2:1799490
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, No. 869379 illuMINEation, No. 101003591 NEXGEN-SIMS
Note

Validerad;2023;Nivå 2;2023-09-22 (joosat);

CC BY 4.0 License

Available from: 2023-09-22 Created: 2023-09-22 Last updated: 2024-03-07Bibliographically approved

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Stathoulopoulos, NikolaosKoval, AntonNikolakopoulos, George

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