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The Categorical Deviation Effect May Be Underpinned by Attentional Capture: Preliminary Evidence from the Incidental Recognition of Distracters
Department of Applied Psychology, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, UK.
Department of Applied Psychology, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, UK.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Social Sciences, Technology and Arts, Humans and Technology. School of Psychology and Computer Science, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9494-1287
2023 (English)In: Auditory Perception & Cognition, ISSN 2574-2442, Vol. 6, no 1-2, p. 20-51Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The performance of a visual focal task is appreciably disrupted by an unexpected change (or deviation) in the properties of a task irrelevant auditory background. A vast amount of evidence suggests that a change in the acoustic properties of sound disrupts performance via attentional capture. However, an emerging body of evidence suggests that the disruption of task performance by a change in semantic category within a stream of sounds does not behave the same and is therefore not produced by attentional capture. This preliminary study aimed to further investigate whether the disruption produced by a categorical deviant was underpinned by attentional capture. In a single experiment, participants were presented with an irrelevant sound stream while they memorized a categorized list for free recall. We examined whether free recall performance was disrupted by an unexpected change in category within the sound and later investigated, via a surprise recognition test, whether participants had superior memory for deviant items as compared to items from the same positions in control sequences. Results revealed that the categorical deviation effect manifested in poorer free recall performance. Additionally, post-study, participants demonstrated better recognition memory for deviant items compared to control items. On the assumption that explicit recognition requires attentional encoding of deviant items, our results yield evidence that the categorical deviation effect may indeed be produced via attentional capture.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2023. Vol. 6, no 1-2, p. 20-51
Keywords [en]
Auditory distraction, attentional capture, semantic processing, explicit recognition
National Category
Applied Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-102470DOI: 10.1080/25742442.2023.2167448OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-102470DiVA, id: diva2:1812976
Note

Godkänd;2023;Nivå 0;2023-11-17 (joosat);

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 License

Available from: 2023-11-17 Created: 2023-11-17 Last updated: 2023-11-17Bibliographically approved

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Marsh, John Everett

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