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Mapping Prospects for Artificial Groundwater Recharge Utilizing Remote Sensing and GIS Methods
Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263145, Uttarakhand, India; Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Jammu, Nagrota 181221, Jammu and Kashmir, India.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2674-7009
Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263145, Uttarakhand, India.
College of Science, University of Al-Qadisiyah, Al-Qadisiyah 58002, Iraq.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7347-3843
Department of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar 263145, Uttarakhand, India.
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2023 (English)In: Water, E-ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 15, no 22, article id 3904Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The indiscriminate use of groundwater and its overexploitation has led to a significant decline in groundwater resources in India, making it essential to identify potential recharge zones for aquifer recharge. A study was conducted to determine such potential recharge zones in the Nandhour-Kailash River watershed. The study area included 1481 streams divided into 12 sub-basins (SWS). The results show that the downstream Saraunj sub-basins (SWS-11) and Odra sub-basins (SWS-12) were high priority and required immediate soil and water conservation attention. Sub catchments Lobchla West (SWS-4), Deotar (SWS-5), Balot South (SWS-8), Nandhour (SWS-9), and Nakoliy (SWS-10) had medium priority and were designated for moderate soil erosion and degradation. In contrast, sub-catchments Aligad (SWS-1), Kundal (SWS-2), Lowarnala North (SWS-3), Bhalseni (SWS-6), and Uparla Gauniyarao (SWS-7) had low priority, indicating a low risk of soil erosion and degradation. Using the existing groundwater level data, the potential map of groundwater was validated to confirm its validity. According to the guidelines provided by the Integrated Mission for Sustainable Development (IMSD), the results of the groundwater potential zones for good to very good zones have been integrated at the slope and stream order. In a 120.94 km2 area with a slope of 0–5% in first-order streams, 36 ponds were proposed, and in a 218.03 km2 area with a slope of 15% in first- to fourth-order streams, 105 retention dams were proposed and recognized as possible sites for artificial groundwater recharge. The proposed water harvesting structure may aid in continuously recharging these zones and benefit water resource managers and planners. Thus, various governmental organizations can use the results to identify possible future recharge areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2023. Vol. 15, no 22, article id 3904
Keywords [en]
artificial groundwater potential zone, compound priority value, GIS, remote sensing, thematic layers, watershed prioritization
National Category
Water Engineering
Research subject
Soil Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-103501DOI: 10.3390/w15223904ISI: 001113926400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85178329768OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-103501DiVA, id: diva2:1824753
Note

Godkänd;2024;Nivå 0;2024-03-14 (signyg);

Funder: Researchers Supporting Project number (RSPD2023R958), King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia;

Full text license: CC BY

Available from: 2024-01-08 Created: 2024-01-08 Last updated: 2024-04-23Bibliographically approved

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Al-Ansari, Nadhir

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