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The analysis of long-time-exposed tars from wood shingles from church roofs and facades in mid-Sweden
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7711-9267
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Wood Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0852-5066
2024 (English)In: Wood Material Science & Engineering, ISSN 1748-0272, E-ISSN 1748-0280Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Poor condition of roofs in terms of decay of shingles and loss of tar-based surface treatments has been revealed in a number of churches at various geographical locations in mid-Sweden. The condition of tars obtained from shingles of selected churches in mid-Sweden were analysed and obtained data were compared with geographical locations of the churches. According to gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy result, dehydroabietic acid was the dominant compound found in the exposed tars from the churches except in church of Malung where similar amounts of retene was found. Oxidised resin acids were found in exposed tars from the churches but not in commercially available pit burned tar. Tar from church shingles had higher char residues than the pit burned tar which was totally consumed when heated under nitrogen gas up to 750°C using thermogravimetric analysis. Scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer analysis revealed higher amounts of silicates in some exposed tars; however, these compounds constituted only a minor portion of the organic matter in these specimens. Based on the data obtained in the study other factors rather than simply geographical location of churches seemed to be of importance to explain differences of the investigated properties of the church tars.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2024.
Keywords [en]
GC-MS, Resin acids, SEM-EDX, TGA
National Category
Wood Science
Research subject
Wood Science and Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104861DOI: 10.1080/17480272.2024.2311169Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85188097692OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-104861DiVA, id: diva2:1846787
Projects
Biobasedfire protection of wood panel for exterior conditions by using phosphorylated lignin from wheat straw
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas, 2021-00818
Note

Funder: CT WOOD, Luleå University of Technology;

Full text license: CC BY 4.0

Available from: 2024-03-25 Created: 2024-03-25 Last updated: 2024-03-25

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Karlsson, OlovLin, Chia-Feng

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