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Emerging 2D materials beyond mxenes and TMDs: Transition metal carbo-chalcogenides
Department of Molecular Sciences and Nanosystems, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Via Torino 155, 30172 Venezia Mestre, Italy.
Department of Molecular Sciences and Nanosystems, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Via Torino 155, 30172 Venezia Mestre, Italy.
Department of Molecular Sciences and Nanosystems, Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Via Torino 155, 30172 Venezia Mestre, Italy.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5024-9478
Ocean Hydrogen Energy R&D Center, Research Institute of Tsinghua University in Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518057, PR China.
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2024 (English)In: Progress in Materials Science, ISSN 0079-6425, E-ISSN 1873-2208, Vol. 144, article id 101287Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Interestingly, it opens the door for the development of the 2D materials family, which includes different classes of 2D materials. Among them, transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) and transition metal carbide MXenes (TMCs) have emerged. TMDs have unique layered structures, low cost, and are composed of earth abundant elements, but their poor electronic conductivity, poor cyclic stability, their structural and morphological changes during electrochemical measurements hinder their practical use. Recently, TMC MXenes have garnered attention in the 2D material world, but the issue of restacking and aggregation limits their direct use in large-scale energy conversion and storage. To address these challenges, hetero structures based on conductive TMCs MXenes and electrochemically active TMDs have emerged as a promising solution. However, understanding the solid/solid interface in heterostructured materials remains a challenge. To tackle this, 2D single component crystals with high capacity, low diffusion barrier, and good electronic conductivity are highly sought. The emergence of transition metal carbo-chalcogenides (TMCCs) has provided a potential solution, as these 2D nanosheets consist of TM2X2C, where TM represents transition metal, X is either S or Se, and C atom. This new class of 2D materials serves as a remedy by avoiding the challenges related to solid/solid interfaces often encountered in heterostructures. This review focuses on the latest developments in TMCCs, including their synthetic strategies, surface/interface engineering, and potential application in batteries, water splitting, and other electro-catalytic processes. The challenges and future perspectives of the design of TMCCs for electrochemical energy conversion and storage are also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2024. Vol. 144, article id 101287
Keywords [en]
Carbo-sulfides, MXenes, New family of 2D material, TMD, Transition metal carbo-chalcogenides
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Research subject
Experimental Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104935DOI: 10.1016/j.pmatsci.2024.101287Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85188680093OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-104935DiVA, id: diva2:1848012
Note

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-04-02 (marisr);

Full text license: CC BY

Available from: 2024-04-02 Created: 2024-04-02 Last updated: 2024-04-02Bibliographically approved

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Vomiero, Alberto

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