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The road towards making the active choice the easy choice: Facilitating and feasibility aspects of children’s active transportation
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health, Education and Technology, Health, Medicine and Rehabilitation.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1970-0333
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2024.
Series
Doctoral thesis / Luleå University of Technology 1 jan 1997 → …, ISSN 1402-1544
National Category
Physiotherapy
Research subject
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104989ISBN: 978-91-8048-521-0 (print)ISBN: 978-91-8048-522-7 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-104989DiVA, id: diva2:1849028
Public defence
2024-10-15, E632, Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-04-05 Created: 2024-04-05 Last updated: 2024-06-13Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Children’s active school transportation: an international scoping review of psychosocial factors
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children’s active school transportation: an international scoping review of psychosocial factors
Show others...
2024 (English)In: Systematic Reviews, ISSN 2046-4053, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 47Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Over the last decades, the prevalence of AST has decreased significantly. Barriers to active school transport (AST) have been extensively examined in the literature, while psychosocial factors that facilitate AST have received less attention. To our best knowledge, there are currently no reviews on this subject. Therefore, the objective of this review was to scope the literature and identify published research about psychosocial factors related to AST.

Methods: Systematic searches conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, TRID, Scopus, and ERIC resulted in a total of 1933 publications, and 77 of them were considered eligible for this review.

Results: The results of the included articles were categorised into four psychosocial factors: confidence in ability, attitudes, social support, and social norms, which were all generally positively related to AST, with a few exceptions.

Conclusion: The findings of this review indicate that these psychosocial factors may be important to consider when developing interventions and highlight that both children and parents should be involved in the process. This knowledge can serve as a valuable guide for developing interventions to promote AST. However, the evidence base supporting these psychosocial factors requires further investigation to fully understand how and when to incorporate them to maximise AST efficacy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature, 2024
Keywords
Active school commuting, Confidence in ability, Attitudes, Social support, Social norms
National Category
Other Health Sciences
Research subject
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104238 (URN)10.1186/s13643-023-02414-y (DOI)38291491 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85183648004 (Scopus ID)
Funder
Vinnova, 2019–00936
Note

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-02-12 (joosat);

CC BY Full text license

Available from: 2024-02-12 Created: 2024-02-12 Last updated: 2024-04-05Bibliographically approved
2. Accompaniment, benefits, and community connection: Voicing children’s perspectives on independent active transport
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Accompaniment, benefits, and community connection: Voicing children’s perspectives on independent active transport
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104976 (URN)
Available from: 2024-04-05 Created: 2024-04-05 Last updated: 2024-04-05
3. Feasibility of a school-based intervention to promote active school transportation – The school personnel's perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Feasibility of a school-based intervention to promote active school transportation – The school personnel's perspective
2024 (English)In: Journal of Transport & Health, ISSN 2214-1405, E-ISSN 2214-1413, Vol. 38, article id 101867Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

There is a growing need to invest in interventions that promote physical activity, such as active school transportation. Ideally, these interventions should be school-based to reach as many children as possible. However, school personnel have a heavy workload, and interventions must be feasible and sustainable. This study aims to explore the feasibility of a school-based intervention from the school personnel's perspective and increase knowledge about what makes an intervention in a school context feasible.

Methods

A qualitative design was applied with individual interviews with 19 participants, including principals, teachers, project coordinators, one school nurse, and one operation manager. The data were analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

Results

The result were formulated into one main theme “Crossing the threshold – enter and you might feel at home” and three subthemes “Flexibility for integration in the school context”, “Sensing meaningfulness is essential for being worth the effort” and “A supportive design to enhance enthusiasm”. These themes indicate that schools have a heavy workload and that there is a threshold for schools to invest time and effort into health promoting intervention. Flexibility, meaningfulness, and support were thus crucial elements for making an intervention in the school context feasible.

Conclusion

The results of this study outline a promising strategy to meet the needs of school personnel and can serve as a valuable guide for further research concerning school-based interventions aiming to promote health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2024
Keywords
Feasibility, Active school transportation, School-based intervention, School personnel
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-104975 (URN)10.1016/j.jth.2024.101867 (DOI)
Funder
Vinnova, 2020–01867
Note

Validerad;2024;Nivå 2;2024-07-09 (joosat);

Full text: CC BY License;

This article has previously appeared as a manuscript in a thesis.

Available from: 2024-04-05 Created: 2024-04-05 Last updated: 2024-07-09Bibliographically approved
4. Long-Term Perspectives of a School-Based Intervention to Promote Active School Transportation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Long-Term Perspectives of a School-Based Intervention to Promote Active School Transportation
2020 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 17, no 14, article id 5006Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

There is a global need for sustainable interventions that increase physical activity among children, and active school transportation (AST) can promote physical activity among schoolchildren. Therefore, an intervention based on gamification, empowerment, and social cognitive theory was initiated in 2016 to promote AST. The aim of this study was to follow up on participants’ experiences one and two years after the AST intervention was initiated. Data were collected through focus groups and individual interviews which were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Thirty-one pupils (2017), and forty pupils (2018) aged 9–10 years, two teachers (2017, 2018) and one principal (2018) participated in the study. The result is presented as one main theme; “Unity for an active community-An intervention towards making the active choice the easy choice” and three sub-themes; “Well begun is half done-Engagement sparks motivation”, “It takes two to tango-Keep moving with gamifications and togetherness” and “Jumping on the bandwagon–From project to everyday use.” The results show that the concept of the intervention was attractive to re-use and that it created a habit to use AST among the children. Interventions to promote AST can benefit from the use of engagement, togetherness, and gamification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI, 2020
Keywords
active transport, intervention, school-setting, pupils, physical activity, gamification, empowerment, social support
National Category
Physiotherapy Pedagogy
Research subject
Physiotherapy; Education
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-80335 (URN)10.3390/ijerph17145006 (DOI)000554097200001 ()32664621 (PubMedID)2-s2.0-85087839480 (Scopus ID)
Note

Validerad;2020;Nivå 2;2020-08-17 (alebob)

Available from: 2020-08-10 Created: 2020-08-10 Last updated: 2024-04-05Bibliographically approved

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