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On the inaccuracies of point-particle approach for char conversion modeling
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Energivetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-7319-1248
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Energivetenskap. Department of Thermal Energy, SINTEF Energy Research, Kolbjørn Hejes vei 1 A, 7491 Trondheim, Norway.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9184-8722
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för teknikvetenskap och matematik, Energivetenskap. Technical University of Munich, Chair of Energy Systems, Boltzmannstr. 15, 85748 Garching b. München, Germany.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-6081-5736
2024 (engelsk)Inngår i: Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, E-ISSN 1873-7153, Vol. 370, artikkel-id 131743Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Char conversion is a complex phenomenon that involves not only heterogeneous reactions but also external and internal heat and mass transfer. Reactor-scale simulations often use a point-particle approach (PP approach) as sub-models for char conversion because of its low computational cost. Despite a number of simplifications involved in the PP approach, there are very few studies that systematically investigate the inaccuracies of the PP approach. This study aims to compare and identify when and why the PP approach deviates from resolved-particle simulations (RP approach). Simulations have been carried out for CO2 gasification of a char particle under zone II conditions (i.e., pore diffusion control) using both PP and RP approaches. Results showed significant deviations between the two approaches for the effectiveness factor, gas compositions, particle temperature, and particle diameter. The most significant sources of inaccuracies in the PP approach are negligence of the non-uniform temperature inside the particle and the inability to accurately model external heat transfer. Under the conditions with low effectiveness factors, the errors of intra-particle processes were dominant while the errors of external processes became dominant when effectiveness factors were close to unity. Because it assumes uniform internal temperature, the models applying the PP approach always predict higher effectiveness factors than the RP approach, despite its accurate estimation of intra-particle mass diffusion effects. As a consequence, the PP approach failed to predict the particle size changes accurately. Meanwhile, no conventional term for external heat transfer could explain the inaccuracy, indicating the importance of other sources of errors such as 2D/3D asymmetry or penetration of external flows inside the particles.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier Ltd , 2024. Vol. 370, artikkel-id 131743
Emneord [en]
Char gasification, Particle-resolved simulation, Point-particle method, Stefan flow
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-105484DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2024.131743Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85191822215OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-105484DiVA, id: diva2:1857975
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, Horizon 2020, 764697Swedish Research Council, NN9405K, 2023-04185, 2015-05588, 2018-05973
Merknad

Funder: BMWF (01DD21005); Research council of Norway (267916); Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung; Norges Forskningsråd;

Full text license: CC BY

Tilgjengelig fra: 2024-05-15 Laget: 2024-05-15 Sist oppdatert: 2024-05-15

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Jayawickrama, Thamali RajikaHaugen, Nils Erland L.Umeki, Kentaro

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