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Stresses developed in reaction-bonded ceramics
Luleå tekniska universitet.
Luleå tekniska universitet.
1999 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, ISSN 0955-2219, E-ISSN 1873-619X, Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 277-283Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A physical model is presented that predicts the stress distribution created in a particle during its reaction with a surrounding reactant to form a uniform layer of reaction product on its surface, when the reaction involves a volume change. The results of the model are applied specifically to the case of silicon reacting with nitrogen to form Si3N4. The model predicts the generation of a high, tensile hydrostatic stress in the Si core as well as high tensile radial stress and compressive tangential stress in the nitride layer. Although the model is restricted to elastic deformation only and therefore predicts unrealistically high stresses in some cases, the results are anyway of relevance in the consideration of possible non-elastic processes such as creep and fracture and also in assessing the possible effect of stress on the reaction equilibrium. It is predicted that the nitride reaction layer would fracture during the nitridation process. A second model is also presented predicting the residual stresses arising during cooling of a partially reacted particle as a result of the difference in thermal expansion of the reactant core and the reaction product layer. In the case of the reaction of silicon to silicon nitride these thermal expansion mismatch stresses are significant but small compared to the stresses due to the chemical reaction.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
1999. Vol. 19, nr 3, s. 277-283
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Materialteknik
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URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-3641DOI: 10.1016/S0955-2219(98)00271-4ISI: 000079038900001Lokalt ID: 17542c80-f3ee-11db-ac9f-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-3641DiVA, id: diva2:976499
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Godkänd; 1999; 20070426 (cira)Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-29 Skapad: 2016-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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