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Perceptions of needs related to the practice of self-care for minor illness
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8990-752X
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Health and Rehab.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1682-8326
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Health Sciences, Nursing Care.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7830-8791
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Mathematical Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6289-4949
2015 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 24, no 21-22, p. 3255-3265Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims and objectivesThe aim of this study was to describe people's perceptions of needs to feel confident in self-care for minor illnesses as well as their perceptions about supporting and obstructing factors in the practice of self-care.BackgroundMinor illness constitutes a large part of primary care, and patients' attendance to doctors' appointments for minor illness has been seen to increase future attendance for the same condition. Almost half of the consultations with telenurses result in the provision of self-care advice.DesignA cross-sectional survey.MethodPrimary data were collected using a questionnaire, and the study participants (n = 315) were randomly selected from the national Swedish address register.ResultsHaving knowledge and receiving health care advice and reliable information were perceived to be needs in order for participants to feel confident in self-care. Having family or friends to consult with was perceived to be a positive factor influencing confidence in self-care, especially for persons under the age of 35. Health care services were perceived to support self-care practice by offering easy access to care, giving information about self-care, and offering increased follow-up after consultations. Lack of knowledge, along with difficulties being away from work, were obstructing factors in the practice of self-care.ConclusionsYoung age was the factor influencing people's perceptions of needs and supporting factors the most. Young age and low knowledge scores about minor illnesses were the two factors that had the most influence on perceived obstructing factors.Relevance to clinical practiceNurses play a major role in the promotion of self-care and in the dissemination of self-care advice. If health care services fail to meet the needs of care-seekers with minor illnesses, patients might turn to out-of-hours clinics and emergency departments for help.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 24, no 21-22, p. 3255-3265
National Category
Nursing Physiotherapy Probability Theory and Statistics
Research subject
Nursing; Physiotherapy; Matemathical Statistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-5767DOI: 10.1111/jocn.12888ISI: 000362907300023PubMedID: 26248528Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84943659809Local ID: 3f26b439-e69d-42d3-afca-e154a696e096OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-5767DiVA, id: diva2:978642
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150810 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Gustafsson, SiljeVikman, IreneSävenstedt, StefanMartinsson, Jesper

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