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Kinetics of collector adsorption on mineral surfaces
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för samhällsbyggnad och naturresurser, Industriell miljö- och processteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9794-8305
2006 (engelsk)Inngår i: Minerals Engineering, ISSN 0892-6875, E-ISSN 1872-9444, Vol. 19, nr 6-8, s. 784-789Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

In the present study infrared attenuated total reflection (IR-ATR) was used to monitor the rate of in situ adsorption of heptyl xanthate on a layer of zinc sulphide synthesized on a germanium ATR crystal. The zinc sulphide surface was characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The absorbance of heptyl xanthate measured increased with increasing bulk concentration of the adsorbate up to an equilibrium plateau value corresponding to a fractional coverage of the surface sites of the substrate. For the adsorption from solutions of concentrations between 10−3 and 10−5 M, the rate of adsorption increased with increasing bulk concentration. At higher concentrations the measured absorbance should be corrected for the absorbance due to the concentration of xanthate in bulk solution. The present work provides a discussion of this correction. Assuming the adsorption stage to be rate-controlling and proportional both to the concentration of the adsorbing species in solution and unreacted surface area, a rate law governing this type of transient adsorption kinetics was derived. By means of absorbance data for the concentrations 0.1 and 0.01 mM, the rate constant of adsorption was calculated. From the initial part of a Langmuir adsorption isotherm, the absorbance at monolayer coverage and the equilibrium constant of adsorption could be estimated.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2006. Vol. 19, nr 6-8, s. 784-789
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Gränsytors kemi; Fysikalisk kemi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-6348DOI: 10.1016/j.mineng.2005.09.037ISI: 000237915000030Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33644950445Lokal ID: 495139a0-dde9-11db-9cae-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-6348DiVA, id: diva2:979225
Merknad
Validerad; 2006; Bibliografisk uppgift: Selected papers from the Centenary of Flotation Symposium, 5–9 June 2005, Brisbane, Australia; 20070329 (pafi)Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-09-29 Laget: 2016-09-29 Sist oppdatert: 2018-07-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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