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The influence of shock-type vibrations on the absorption of mechanical energy in the hand and arm
Luleå tekniska universitet.
1999 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, ISSN 0169-8141, E-ISSN 1872-8219, Vol. 23, nr 5, s. 585-594Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In recent years there has been a discussion as to whether shock-type vibration from hand tools has stronger effects on the hand-arm system in comparison with non-impulsive vibration. The purpose of the investigation is to compare the influence of these two types of vibration on the absorption of mechanical energy in the human hand and on the grip and feed forces applied by the subjects.The energy absorption has been measured by use of a specially designed laboratory handle. The grip and feed forces applied by the subject to the handle were measured simultaneously. In the study two different frequency weighted acceleration levels were used.The outcome showed that the vibration exposure levels made a significant contribution to the vibration absorption as well as to the strength of the grip and feed forces. Moreover, it was found that the hand forces decrease while the absorption of energy increases during the experiment. Furthermore, the influence of shock-type exposure gave a significantly higher hand forces and absorption of energy compared with the non-impulsive exposure. It was, therefore, concluded that the vibration response characteristics of the hand and arm differ, depending upon whether the exposure is of shock or non-impulsive type.Relevance to industryThe paper discusses the dynamic response of the hand and arm during exposure to shock and non-impulsive vibration. Whenever possible, a tool that requires low grip and feed forces should be used as well as tools that not generate shock-type excitation. This can be helpful in choosing the proper tool for the job.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
1999. Vol. 23, nr 5, s. 585-594
Nationell ämneskategori
Strömningsmekanik och akustik
Forskningsämne
Teknisk akustik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-7904DOI: 10.1016/S0169-8141(98)00009-2Lokalt ID: 6541b7c0-c0de-11db-834c-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-7904DiVA, id: diva2:980794
Anmärkning
Godkänd; 1999; 20060922 (biem)Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-29 Skapad: 2016-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-21Bibliografiskt granskad

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