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Preparation of Zolmitriptan-Chitosan microparticles by spray drying for nasal delivery
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Medicinsk vetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6050-0432
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Medicinsk vetenskap.
Luleå tekniska universitet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap, Medicinsk vetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0654-5410
2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, ISSN 0928-0987, E-ISSN 1879-0720, Vol. 38, nr 3, s. 206-214Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of this study was to use spray drying to prepare mucoadhesive dry powders of the antimigraine drug, zolmitriptan, in combination with the natural polymer, chitosan, for nasal administration. The effect of type, molecular weight, and proportion of chitosan on the powder and particle characteristics was also studied. Solutions containing different proportions of chitosans were prepared and spray dried. The chemical stability and content of the drug were determined by HPLC. The morphology and size range of the microparticles were also determined. Solid-state analysis was undertaken using thermal methods (DSC/MDSC and TGA), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR). The drug release profiles were investigated and the time required to reach maximum solution concentrations (Tmax) was used for comparison. The drug was chemically stable, with a 93-105% loading in the microparticles. The microparticles were spherical with a narrow size distribution, irrespective of the formulation. Phase separation was observed for formulations containing less than 90% (w/w) chitosan, irrespective of the type. In contrast, in the formulation containing 90% (w/w) chitosan, the drug was molecularly dispersed. FT-IR studies showed that the bands corresponding to intermolecular hydrogen bonding were broader and more diffuse when zolmitriptan was amorphous. The formation of a hydrogen bond between drug and chitosans was also observed. Tmax increased as the proportion of chitosan decreased, and was proportional to the molecular weight of the chitosan in the formulation containing 90% (w/w) chitosan. Spray drying is a suitable technique for making mucoadhesive dry powders of zolmitriptan and chitosan for nasal application. The dispersion and release of the drug was affected by the properties and composition of the chitosan.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2009. Vol. 38, nr 3, s. 206-214
Nyckelord [en]
Medicine
Nyckelord [sv]
Medicin
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-8743DOI: 10.1016/j.ejps.2009.07.003ISI: 000270772200003PubMedID: 19616094Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-70349120301Lokalt ID: 746362b0-7b64-11de-8da0-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-8743DiVA, id: diva2:981681
Anmärkning

Validerad; 2009; 20090728 (ysko)

Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-29 Skapad: 2016-09-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-07-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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Alhalaweh, AmjadAndersson, StaffanVelaga, Sitaram

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