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Internal flow measurements in pilot scale wet low-intensity magnetic separation
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Minerals and Metallurgical Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Computer Science, Electrical and Space Engineering, Signals and Systems.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6216-6132
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Minerals and Metallurgical Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Minerals and Metallurgical Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8032-9388
Number of Authors: 42016 (English)In: International Journal of Mineral Processing, ISSN 0301-7516, E-ISSN 1879-3525, Vol. 155, p. 55-63Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the mining industry, ferromagnetic particles (e.g. magnetite) are concentrated using wet low-intensity magnetic separation (LIMS). The performance is to a large extent controlled by the internal flow conditions in the separator. In previous work, it was shown how an ultrasound pulse-echo setup can be used to simultaneously measure particle velocity profiles and local solids concentration variations in laboratory conditions. In this paper, a real-world case is demonstrated where the system is installed on one of the wet LIMS at the LKAB R&D facilities in Malmberget, Sweden. For the pilot scale experiments a setup with two ultrasound transducers, mounted at the bottom of the separator tank, is used. The design of experiments method is used to study the effects of the feed solids concentration, drum rotational speed, position of the concentrate weir, and the magnet assembly angle on the measured flow patterns. The results show that it is possible to detect changes in the flow velocity patterns and the local solids concentration, as the operational conditions of the separator are varied. Of the factors studied, the drum rotational speed has the strongest influence on the overall flow velocity in the dewatering zone. Also, the presence of a recirculating flow transporting gangue particles away from the concentrate is confirmed. The factor with the strongest influence on this recirculating flow is also the drum rotational speed, together with the magnet assembly angle. Using this method it is possible to make high quality measurements of internal flow velocity profiles. It is also possible to monitor material build-up on the separator drum, and e.g. detect overload of magnetic material. The insights gained, and the methods developed, have generated new possibilities to control, optimise, and develop the wet LIMS process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 155, p. 55-63
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials Signal Processing
Research subject
Mineral Processing; Signal Processing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-8750DOI: 10.1016/j.minpro.2016.08.008ISI: 000385472200006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84983739058Local ID: 749242bb-1c30-49e4-9d11-2910e9ad6cd7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-8750DiVA, id: diva2:981688
Projects
Wet LlMS - Measurements and models
Note

Validerad; 2016; Nivå 2; 20160812 (janste)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Stener, JanCarlson, JohanSand, AndersPålsson, Bertil

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