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Temporal variations in the fractionation of the rare earth elements in a boreal river: the role of colloidal particles
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering.
Luleå University of Technology.
Luleå University of Technology.
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2000 (English)In: Chemical Geology, ISSN 0009-2541, E-ISSN 1872-6836, Vol. 166, no 1-2, p. 23-45Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rare earth element (REE) data from weekly sampling of the filtered (<0.45 μm) and suspended particulate phase during 18 months in the Kalix River, Northern Sweden, are presented together with data on colloidal particles and the solution fraction (<3 kDa). The filtered REE concentration show large seasonal and temporal variations in the river. Lanthanum varied between approximately 300 and 2100 pM. High REE concentration in the filter-passing fraction is related to increased water discharge and there is a strong correlation between the REE concentration, organic carbon, Al and Fe. Physical erosion of detrital particles plays a minor role for the yearly transport of particulate REE in this boreal river system. The suspended particulate fraction, which is dominated by non-detrital fractions, accounted for only 35% of the yearly total transport of La in the river. Approximately 10% of the REE were transported in detrital particles during winter. At spring-flood in May, about 30% of the LREE and up to 60% of the HREE where hosted in detrital particles. Ultrafiltration of river water during spring-flood shows that colloidal particles dominate the transport of filter-passing REE. Less than 5% of the filtered REE are found in the fraction smaller than 3 kDa. The colloidal fraction shows a flat to slightly LREE enriched pattern whereas the solution fraction (<3 kDa) show an HREE enriched pattern, compared with till in the catchment. Suspended particles show a LREE enriched pattern. Data indicate that the REE are associated with two phases in the colloidal (and particulate) fraction, an organic-rich phase (with associated Al-Fe) and an Fe-rich (Fe-oxyhydroxide) inorganic phase. The Ce-anomaly in the suspended particulate fraction in the river shows systematic variations, and can be used to interpret fractionation processes of the REE during weathering and transport. There was no anomaly at maximum spring-flood but during the ice-covered period the anomaly became more and more negative. The temporal and seasonal variations of the Ce-anomaly in the suspended particulate phase reflect transport of REE-C-Al-Fe-enriched colloids from the upper section of the till (and/or from mires) to the river at storm events.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 166, no 1-2, p. 23-45
National Category
Geochemistry
Research subject
Applied Geology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-8792DOI: 10.1016/S0009-2541(99)00178-3ISI: 000086004200003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0034191954Local ID: 755dd6c0-d7b8-11db-a1bf-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-8792DiVA, id: diva2:981730
Note
Validerad; 2000; 20070321 (pafi)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Ingri, JohanWiderlund, AndersÖhlander, Björn

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