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Measurements of friction coefficients between rails lubricated with a friction modifier and the wheels of an IORE locomotive during real working conditions
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Operation, Maintenance and Acoustics. Division of Operation and Maintenance, Luleå University of Technology.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Operation, Maintenance and Acoustics. Division of Operation and Maintenance, Luleå University of Technology.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Geosciences and Environmental Engineering. Division of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering, Luleå University of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4711-7671
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics. Division of Fluid and Experimental Mechanics, Luleå University of Technology.
2015 (English)In: Wear, ISSN 0043-1648, E-ISSN 1873-2577, Vol. 324-325, p. 109-117Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The real friction coefficients between the rails and the wheels on a 360. t and 10,800. kW IORE locomotive were measured using the locomotive[U+05F3]s in-built traction force measurement system. The locomotive consisted of two pair-connected locomotives had a CoCo+CoCo bogie configuration, and hauled a fully loaded set of 68 ore wagons (120. t/wagon). The measurements were performed both on rails in a dry condition and on rails lubricated with a water-based top-of-rail (ToR) friction modifier on the Iron Ore Line between the cities of Kiruna and Narvik in Northern Sweden and Norway, respectively. Since full-scale measurements like these are costly, the friction coefficients were also measured at the same time and place using a conventional hand-operated tribometer, with and without the ToR friction modifier. The most important results are that the real friction coefficient is definitely not constant and is surprisingly low (0.10-0.25) when the ToR friction modifier is used, and that it is also significantly dependent on the amount of ToR friction modifier. A large amount will reduce the friction coefficient. Furthermore, it is concluded that the real friction coefficients are in general lower than the friction coefficients measured with the hand-operated tribometer. A final remark is thus that the use of a water-based ToR friction modifier can give excessively low friction, which can result in unacceptably long braking distances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 324-325, p. 109-117
Keywords [en]
Friction coefficient, Full-scale test, Locomotive, Sliding, Slipping, Top-of-rail friction modifier
National Category
Other Civil Engineering Geology Applied Mechanics
Research subject
Operation and Maintenance; Ore Geology; Experimental Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9234DOI: 10.1016/j.wear.2014.12.002ISI: 000349800000013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84920139990Local ID: 7cccb36f-33b8-493e-ad30-c4af63e5775aOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-9234DiVA, id: diva2:982172
Note

Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150113 (andbra)

Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-08-16Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttp://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84920139990&partnerID=8YFLogxK

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Lundberg, JanRantatalo, MattiWanhainen, ChristinaCasselgren, Johan

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