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Risk perception, choice of drinking water and water treatment: evidence from Kenyan towns
University of Nairobi.
Göteborgs universitet.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7206-6568
2014 (English)In: Journal of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, ISSN 2043-9083, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 268-280Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study used household survey data from four Kenyan towns to examine the effect of households' characteristics and risk perceptions on their decision to treat/filter water as well as on their choice of main drinking water source. Because the two decisions may be jointly made by the household, a seemingly unrelated bivariate probit model was estimated. It turned out that treating non-piped water and using piped water as a main drinking water source were substitutes. The evidence supports the finding that perceived risks significantly correlate with a household's decision to treat non-piped water before drinking it. The study also found that higher connection fees reduced the likelihood of households connecting to the piped network. Because the current connection fee acts as a cost hurdle which deters households from getting a connection, the study recommends a system where households pay the connection fee in instalments, through a prepaid water scheme or through a subsidy scheme.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 4, no 2, p. 268-280
Keywords [en]
drinking water, subjective risk perception, water quality, water treatment, Business / Economics - Economics
Keywords [sv]
Ekonomi - Nationalekonomi
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9690DOI: 10.2166/washdev.2014.131ISI: 000341563300010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84904760066Local ID: 859c149a-a7b2-43cb-baed-bb27411bff8bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-9690DiVA, id: diva2:982628
Projects
Human Cooperation to Manage Natural Resources, Environment for Development, Jordbruk i afrikanska länder - information och marknadsmakt
Note
Validerad; 2014; 20140313 (jessta)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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