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Methodology to estimate the energy flows of the European Union heating and cooling market
European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy and Transport, P.O. Box 2, 1755 ZG Petten.
European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy and Transport, P.O. Box 2, 1755 ZG Petten.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Social Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2601-2558
European Commission, DG Joint Research Centre, Institute for Energy and Transport, P.O. Box 2, 1755 ZG Petten.
2013 (English)In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 52, p. 339-352Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Over 40% of the total energy consumed in Europe is used for the generation of heat for either domestic or industrial purposes. Meanwhile, the demand for cooling is steadily increasing in all European Member State. In this context, it is essential to identify the heating and cooling demand in the economic sectors. The objective of this study is to propose a methodology to estimate the European heating and cooling demand by country, fuel, economical subsector and activity based on official statistics and reports from resource origin to the customer. The results show that most useful heat energy comes from the direct burn of a fuel principally natural gas. The contribution of the electricity is relatively moderate for the residential and service sectors but low for industrial sector. Most part of the cooling demand is generated by electrical cooling machines (air conditioning and chillers) which extract free environmental energy allowing compensate part of the losses from the electricity production. District heating has a moderate contribution and district cooling can be considered negligible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 52, p. 339-352
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-9693DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2013.01.062ISI: 000317941000035Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84875814135Local ID: 85b0954d-d04c-42ec-886a-f56b9aab1e6cOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-9693DiVA, id: diva2:982631
Note
Validerad; 2013; 20130306 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Krook-Riekkola, Anna

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