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Electromagnetic braking of the flow of a liquid metal with a free surface
Luleå tekniska universitet.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Fluid and Experimental Mechanics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8739-1934
1998 (English)In: Fluid Dynamics Research, ISSN 0169-5983, E-ISSN 1873-7005, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 1-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The electromagnetic braking of liquid metal flowing over a moving boundary is considered. The flow is two dimensional and the upper boundary is a free surface. The main interest of this flow originates from the application of horizontal belt strip casting. In this process, the liquid metal is fed onto a single endless horizontal belt that runs between two rollers. The bottom of the belt is cooled by water and the liquid is fed onto the belt through a slit. This results in a flow that can be modelled as a flat free jet impinging onto a horizontally moving boundary. The flow after the impingement region is analysed using the boundary layer equations. Here, the flow depends on the Reynolds number R, the Froude number F, the Hartman number M, and the ratio of the belt velocity to jet velocity, β. For βF-2/3, there is no hydraulic jump and the film thickness grows smoothly into the final state with constant thickness and uniform velocity. The braking length for the case without hydraulic jump is shown to be of order O(F2/3Ra/2) without magnetic field and of order O(M-2Ra/2) with magnetic field, where a is the jet width. Thus, the magnetic field decreases the braking distance considerably. This result is favourable for both the stability of the flow and for the solidification process in the horizontal belt strip casting process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 23, no 1, p. 1-25
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Fluid Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-11663DOI: 10.1016/S0169-5983(97)00048-8ISI: 000073915900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0344542075Local ID: aacf22a0-a270-11db-8975-000ea68e967bOAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-11663DiVA, id: diva2:984613
Note
Godkänd; 1998; 20070112 (ysko)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Åkerstedt, Hans

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