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Simplification of devolatilization models for thermally-thick particles: differences between wood logs and pellets
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.
Luleå University of Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Energy Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6081-5736
2015 (English)In: Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN 1385-8947, E-ISSN 1873-3212, Vol. 274, p. 181-191Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Many phenomena affects devolatilization of relatively large wood particles, e.g. wood pellets and logs, including mass and heat transfer, chemical reactions and physical transformation such as shrinkage. Many studies investigated the importance of these phenomena through detailed mathematical models at particle scale, but the models need to be simplified at a certain degree to be implemented into large-scale simulation for gasifiers and boilers. This paper first presents how each physical and chemical parameter should be modelled for wood logs (low density and anisotropic) and wood pellets (high density and isotropic) through parametric studies with a detailed particle simulation. They required different sub-models for effective thermal conductivity and heat of reactions due to the difference in isotropy of particles between pellets and logs. Then, we demonstrated that a constitutive equation, i.e. analytical solution of the shrinking core model, is sufficient to express devolatilization rate of thermally-thick particles at the temperature of 1173 K with proper sub-models of physical and chemical parameters. The constitutive equation agreed better with experimental data of wood log than wood pellets, mainly because of the error caused during the consideration of the effect of convective cooling of char layer on thermal conductivity. Both detailed and simplified particle models were validated with the experimental data in an isothermal macro thermogravimeter allowing devolatilization of large particles

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 274, p. 181-191
National Category
Energy Engineering
Research subject
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-12563DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2015.03.131ISI: 000355496300019Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84927604089Local ID: bb95325b-f38b-49ef-8345-90f8bb36ec49OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ltu-12563DiVA, id: diva2:985514
Note
Validerad; 2015; Nivå 2; 20150407 (andbra)Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2018-07-10Bibliographically approved

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Biswas, AmitUmeki, Kentaro

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